Picea engelmannii
Engelmann's spruce
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: British Columbia south through the Cascades of Washington and Oregon to Shasta County, California, east to Montana and New Mexico.

Habitat: Moderate to high elevations in the mountains, mostly where somewhat moist.

Cones: New cones from June-August

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Straight, spire-like trees up to 50 m. tall, the trunk up to 1 m. thick

Bark:

Bark rather thin, scaly, brownish-red to purplish; young twigs usually finely pubescent, often glabrous.

Leaves:

Needles fairly sharp but not stiff, 2-3 cm. long, deep bluish-green, spreading in all directions from the branch, 4-angled, with two whitish lines on both surfaces, attached to a raised base.

Identification Notes:

Staminate cones pendant, yellow, 10-15 mm. long; ovulate cones 4-5 cm. long, yellow-brown to purplish-brown, the scales finely denticulate, more than twice as long as the oblong bracts and completely concealing them; ovulate cones deciduous as a whole after one season.

Accepted Name:
Picea engelmannii Engelm.
Publication: Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis. 2: 212. 1863. 1863.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Infraspecies:
var. engelmannii – Engelmann's spruce
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Picea engelmannii in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Picea engelmannii checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Picea engelmannii atlas page.

CalPhotos: Picea engelmannii photos.

USDA Plants: Picea engelmannii information.

43 photographs:
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