Page authors: Ben Legler, David Giblin
Salicornia perennis
chickenclaws, glasswort, woody glasswort, woody saltwort glasswort, pickelweed, pickleweed
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to Baja California, also on Atlantic coast, Europe, and Mediterranean region.

Habitat: Salt marshes and beaches along coast.

Flowers: June-October

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Perennial matted herb with fleshy oppositely branched stems to 30 cm tall from slender rhizomes.

Leaves:

Apparently absent, but actually reduced to minute opposite scales.

Flowers:

Tiny, inconspicuous, in groups of 3, at ends of stems in 1-4 cm long spikes tinged with brown, purple, or pink.

Fruits:

Small flattened seeds surrounded by a slightly inflated papery pericarp and fleshy perianth parts.

Identification Notes:

The perennial rhizomatous habit separates this species from other Salicornia species in our area. Suada maritima also grows in saltmarshes but has alternate leaves not reduced to scales.

Comments:

The fleshy plants are edible, tasting somewhat like a salty pickle.

Accepted Name:
Salicornia perennis Mill.
Publication: Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Salicornia no. 2. 1768 1768.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Salicornia ambigua Michx. [Abrams]
Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A.J. Scott [FNA4, HC2]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Salicornia perennis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Salicornia perennis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Salicornia perennis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Salicornia perennis photos.

USDA Plants: Salicornia perennis information.

13 photographs:
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