Page authors: Ben Legler, David Giblin
Salicornia perennis
chickenclaws, glasswort, woody glasswort, woody saltwort glasswort, pickelweed, pickleweed
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Along the coast in Washington; Alaska south to Baja California, also on Atlantic coast, Europe, and Mediterranean region.

Habitat: Salt marshes and beaches along coast.

Flowers: June-October

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial matted herb with fleshy oppositely branched stems to 30 cm tall from slender rhizomes.


Apparently absent, but actually reduced to minute opposite scales.


Tiny, inconspicuous, in groups of 3, at ends of stems in 1-4 cm long spikes tinged with brown, purple, or pink.


Small flattened seeds surrounded by a slightly inflated papery pericarp and fleshy perianth parts.

Identification Notes:

The perennial rhizomatous habit separates this species from other Salicornia species in our area. Suada maritima also grows in saltmarshes but has alternate leaves not reduced to scales.


The fleshy plants are edible, tasting somewhat like a salty pickle.

Accepted Name:
Salicornia perennis Mill.
Publication: Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Salicornia no. 2. 1768 1768.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Salicornia ambigua Michx. [Abrams]
Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A.J. Scott [FNA4, HC2]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Salicornia perennis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Salicornia perennis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Salicornia perennis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Salicornia perennis photos.

USDA Plants: Salicornia perennis information.

13 photographs:
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