Page author: David Giblin
Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa
canary violet, upland yellow violet, yellow montane violet
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming and Colorado.

Habitat: Drier areas, valleys and prairies at low elevations.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Perennial from short, erect rhizomes, the stems up to 15 cm. long.

Leaves:

Leaf blades conspicuously hairy, thick and fleshy, entire, ovate-lanceolate, 5-10 cm. long; petiole 5-15 cm. long; stipules attached to the petiole, the free portion few-toothed.

Flowers:

Flowers with peduncles shorter than the leaves; flowers 8-15 mm. long, yellow, the upper petals brownish-backed, the lower 3 penciled with brownish-purple, the lateral pair bearded; style head bearded, rounded.

Fruits:

Fruit a hairy, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Accepted Name:
Viola nuttallii Pursh var. praemorsa (Douglas ex Lindl.) S. Watson

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Viola linguifolia Nutt.
Viola nuttallii Pursh ssp. praemorsa (Douglas ex Lindl.) Piper
Viola nuttallii Pursh var. linguifolia (Nutt.) Jeps.
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl.
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. ssp. arida M.S. Baker
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. ssp. flavovirens (Pollard) Fabijan
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. ssp. linguifolia (Nutt.) M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen ex M. Peck [JPM]
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. ssp. oregona M.S. Baker
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. ssp. praemorsa [JPM, IFBC]
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. var. altior Blank.
Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. var. linguifolia (Nutt.) M. Peck
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa photos.

USDA Plants: Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa information.

20 photographs:
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