Page author: David Giblin
Viola tricolor
Johnny jump-up
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Garden escape in scattered locations throughout Washington; similarly escaped throughout most of North America.

Habitat: Disturbed areas near cultivated setting in towns and cities.

Flowers: April - September

Origin: Introduced

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Variable, glabrous or puberulent, annual or biennial, low or short plant.

Leaves:

Leaves oval to broadly lanceolate, mostly basal; stipules leaf-like, pinnately lobed, the end lobe longer.

Flowers:

Flowers 10-25 mm. long, the spur long; petals violet or yellow or both, longer than the sepals.

Fruits:

Fruit a 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Accepted Name:
Viola tricolor L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 935-936. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Infraspecies:
ssp. tricolor – Johnny jump-up
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola tricolor in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola tricolor checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola tricolor atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola tricolor photos.

USDA Plants: Viola tricolor information.

5 photographs:
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