Covers mushrooms and other non-lichenized fungi that form multicellular fruiting bodies large enough to be seen with the unaided eye.
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154 species, 13 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Index to genera:Galerina
– funeral bell
Habitat: It occurs on stumps and logs of conifers and hardwoods, or grows from pieces of buried wood, wood chips, or other woody debris.
– artist's bracket, artist's conk, artist's fungus
– lacquered bracket, ling chih, varnished conk, reishi
– western varnished conk
Habitat: Occurs on conifers and hardwoods.
– bogus bolete, gastroid bolete
Description: The genus Gastroboletus is used for secotioid fungi that are similar to species of Boletus. Usually a cap is present and typically it is rounded or flattened with the margin turned down. However, in G. ruber (Zeller) Cázares & Trappe (= Truncocolumella rubra Zeller), the cap is so reduced that it looks like a false truffle without a complete peridium. In most Gastroboletus species the tubes are elongated, curved or contorted, and often olive to brown. The stipe is usually short and stout or sometimes forms a columella. G. turbinatus is our most common species, occurring from spring through fall. At first glance, the fruitbody looks like a bolete, such as Boletus chrysenteron---the cap is velvety and brown with yellowish and reddish areas, the stipe is rather short, pointed below, yellowish with small reddish scales and granules, and the pores are rather large, reddish and stain blue. The tubes are long, curved, yellow to greenish yellow and clearly indicate its secotioid nature. The flesh is yellowish, with some red just below the cap cuticle, and the whole interior stains blue after cutting.
– daisy earthstar, flower earthstar
– reddish earthstar, rosy earthstar
– bowl earthstar, rounded earthstar, sessile earthstar
Distribution: Earthstars are not particularly abundant in forested areas of the PNW. Many species are more characteristic of drier woodlands and even deserts, so the diversity of earthstars and many other gasteromycetes is much higher in the southwestern U.S. G. saccatum is widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere and we have seen it, or a dead-ringer for it, in Tasmania, Australia.
– collared earthstar, saucered earthstar
– Cooper's truffle, fuzzy false truffle, fuzzy truffle, pine truffle
Distribution: It is ectomycorrhizal with conifers, widely distributed, and occurs almost year-round.
Spores: long cylindrical asci, each with eight smooth, broad elliptical spores that are forcibly ejected at maturity
– earth box, dwarf acorn cup, pyxie cup, stalked bonfire cup
Habitat: Occurs after conifer forest fires
Spores: The spores are smooth, ellipsoid, 11--18 x 6--9 µm, and do not contain prominent oil drops.
– conifer mazegill, rusty-gilled polypore, yellow-red gill polypore
– gelatinous pored polypore
– glutinous Gomphidius, hideous Gomphidius, slimy Gomphidius, slimy spike
– hideous Gomphidius, larch spike
– clustered Gomphidius, insidious Gomphidius
– pig's-ear Gomphus, pig's-ear, pig's-ears
Habitat: Conifer forests
– scaly chanterelle, scaly vase chanterelle, wooly chanterelle
Distribution: Broad Common in Western and North America
Habitat: Conifer Forests
– Kauffman's Gomphus
Distribution: Western Western North America
Habitat: Old-growth conifer forests
– sheep's head, hen-of-the-woods, maitake
– apricot jelly, apricot jelly mushroom, candied red jelly mushroom, salmon salad
Distribution: Europe to North America
Habitat: Conifer logs and stumps
– fiery Agaric, big laughing Gym, giant Gymnopilus, big laughing mushroom, spectacular rustgill
– golden-gilled Gymnopilus
– small yellow Gymnopilus, common rustgill
Distribution: Common and widespread
Habitat: On conifer and hardwood including stumps, logs, wood chips, and sawdust.
– fir flamecap, common and boring Gymnopilus, spruce Gymnopilus, scaly rustgill
– jumbo Gym, giant Gymnopilus, big laughing mushroom
Habitat: Rotting logs, snags, or stumps
– clustered Collybia, conifer toughshank
Habitat: Conifer forests
Substrate: Rotting logs and stumps, other woody debris
– tufted Collybia, clustered toughshank
Distribution: Mixed woods with heavy litter accumulations
– common Collybia, oak Collybia, June mushroom, russet toughshank
Spores: whitish to pale yellow, smooth, and do not react in Melzer’s reagent
– redleg toughshank
Distribution: Northern hemisphere
Habitat: Forested areas
Distribution: It occurs in a variety of urban and suburban habitats including flower beds with wood chips and in lawns around the roots of trees. It can appear in summer, when few other species are fruiting, if sufficient moisture is available, such as from yard-watering.
– wood woolly-foot
Distribution: G. peronatus is a widespread and often extremely abundant species at lower elevations in the PNW, occurring in mixed woods on leaf litter and woody debris.
Spores: long and narrow and the edges of the gills have long, slender cheilocystidia
– California false morel, umbrella false morel
– elephant-ears, edible Gyromitra, lorchel, lorel, beefsteak morel, conifer false morel, edible morel, brain mushroom
– hooded false morel, saddle-shaped false morel
– snow mushroom, the walnut
Distribution: Occurs in early summer, often near melting snowbanks.