– deer fern
Distribution: British Columbia to California, chiefly west of the Cascades, occasionally to northern Idaho
Habitat: Wet areas in shade, sea level to mid-elevations
– giant chain fern
Distribution: Occurring in lowland western Washington; southern Vancouver Island to California, also in Nevada and Arizona.
Habitat: Mixed conifer and mixed conifer-hardwood forests, always where moist such as stream banks, springs, and seepy rocky outcrops.