Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Abies grandis
grand fir
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia south to California on both sides of the Cascades; scattered areas in the mountains east to Montana.

Habitat: Coniferous forests, from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Cones: May-June

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


A tall, straight tree up to 90 m. tall.


Bark grayish to light brown, smooth to shallowly ridged; young twigs pubescent.


Needles nearly flat, 2-4 cm. long, blunt to notched, spreading horizontally, not concealing the branch, dark green with 2 whitish stripes beneath.


Staminate cones yellowish, pendant and catkin-like, 7-20 mm. long, on the lower side of branches near the middle of the tree or above; ovulate cones only near the top of the tree, single and erect, yellowish-green to green, 6-11 cm. long and 3.5-4 cm. thick, the subtending bracts concealed by the scales.

Accepted Name:
Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl.
Publication: Penny Cycl. 1: 30. 1833. 1833.

Pinus grandis Douglas ex D. Don
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Abies grandis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Abies grandis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Abies grandis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Abies grandis photos.

USDA Plants: Abies grandis information.

40 photographs:
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