Page author: Maria Yousoufian
Chrysolepis chrysophylla
giant chinquapin, golden chinquapin
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Columbia River Gorge south through western Oregon into California, where abundant; also, localities in Mason and Skamania Counties, Washington

Habitat: Dry, open to wooded areas, sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains

Flowers: April - June

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Large, evergreen shrub or small tree 5-30 m. tall, the bark thick and heavily furrowed.

Leaves:

Leaves alternate, the blades oblong-lanceolate, to oblong elliptic, 5-10 cm. long, entire, thick and leathery, dark green and usually glabrous above, yellow-green to golden and densely scurfy-woolly below, the base acute, the tip acuminate; petioles 1 cm. long.

Flowers:

Plants monoecious; staminate flowers in groups of 3 in stiff, elongate, spreading or erect catkins; perianth deeply 5- or 6-parted; stamens 8-12; pistillate flowers at the base of the staminate spikes, 1-3 in a chaffy involucre, the perianth attached to the ovary but with 6 free lobes; styles 3.

Fruits:

Involucre hardens into a spiny bur 1.5-2 cm. broad that contains 1-2 hard-shelled nuts about 10 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Chrysolepis chrysophylla (Douglas ex Hook.) Hjelmq.
Publication: Bot. Not. Suppl. 2(1): 117. 1948.

Synonyms:
Castanopsis chrysophylla (Douglas ex Hook.) A. DC. [HC]
Infraspecies:
var. chrysophylla – giant chinquapin, golden chinquapin    Columbia River Gorge south through western Oregon into California, where abundant; also, localities in Mason and Skamania Counties, Washington
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Chrysolepis chrysophylla in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Chrysolepis chrysophylla checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Chrysolepis chrysophylla atlas page.

CalPhotos: Chrysolepis chrysophylla photos.

USDA Plants: Chrysolepis chrysophylla information.

22 photographs:
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