Distribution: East of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California, east to Alberta and Wyoming
Habitat: Rocky soil, cliffs and talus slopes, foothills to mid-elevations in the mountains
Flowers: April - August
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Strong perennial from a branching crown and short, thick rhizomes, the flowering stems 1.5-9 dm. tall, at least the upper portion covered with stalked glands.
Leaves basal, long-petiolate, the blades ovate-oblong to cordate-ovate, mostly 1-6 cm. broad, from glabrous to glandular-puberulent.
Inflorescence a spike-like panicle, the peduncles and pedicels together shorter than the flowers; calyx 6-8 mm. long, cream-colored, the 5 lobes oblong-lanceolate to obovate, considerable longer than the tubular portion; petals white, linear, shorter than the sepals, 5 or less, or lacking; stamens 5, the filaments elongating after blooming.
Ovary mostly inferior; capsule 6-10 mm. long, the 2 carpels with conical beaks.