Page author: Don Knoke
Picea sitchensis
Sitka spruce
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: West of the Cascades, Alaska to California

Habitat: Along the coast, from sea level up to about 2,000 feet in moist valleys

Cones: May

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


A large tree up to 70 m. tall, the bole up to 5 m. in diameter.


Bark very thin, gray-brown to grayish-purple, deciduous in small scales; twigs glabrous.


Needles light green to bluish-green, stiff and sharp, spreading in all directions from the branch, 1.5-2.5 cm. long, flattened, with 2 broad white bands on the upper surface and 2 narrow bands on the lower surface, attached to a raised base.


Staminate cones pendant, red, 10-15 mm. long; ovulate cones 6-9 cm. long, reddish-brown to yellowish-brown, the scales rounded, finely denticulate, rather stiff, the bracts lanceolate, much shorter than the scales and concealed; ovulate cones deciduous as a whole after one season.

Accepted Name:
Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière
Publication: Traité Gén. Conif. 260. 1855.

Abies falcata Raf.
Abies menziesii (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl.
Picea falcata (Raf.) Suringar
Picea menziesii (Douglas ex D. Don) Carrière
Pinus menziesii Douglas ex D. Don
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Picea sitchensis in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Picea sitchensis checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Picea sitchensis atlas page.

CalPhotos: Picea sitchensis photos.

USDA Plants: Picea sitchensis information.

40 photographs:
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