Page author: David Giblin
Viola sempervirens
evergreen violet, redwood violet
WTU specimens
Other herbaria

Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Brithish Columbia south to California.

Habitat: Moist woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: March-June

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Description:
General:

Puberulent perennial from scaly rhizomes, with slender, elongate stolons, the aerial stems up two 5 cm. long.

Leaves:

Leaves blades cordate-lanceolate to cordate-ovate, 1-3 cm. broad, thick and leathery, persisting through the winter; petioles 2-10 cm. long; herbage spotted with tiny purplish blotches; stipules brownish, lanceolate, membranous, mostly entire.

Flowers:

Flowers 5-15 mm. long, the spur short, saccate; peduncles exceeding the leaves; petals lemon-yellow to gold, the lower 3 purplish-penciled, the lateral pair yellow-bearded; style head short-bearded.

Fruits:

Fruit a purplish-mottled, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal, seeds brown.

Accepted Name:
Viola sempervirens Greene
Publication: Pittonia 4(20A): 8. 1899.

Synonyms:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Viola sempervirens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Viola sempervirens checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Viola sempervirens atlas page.

CalPhotos: Viola sempervirens photos.

USDA Plants: Viola sempervirens information.

21 photographs:
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