Washington Flora Checklist
A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Washington State
Hosted by the University of Washington Herbarium


Checklist » Amaranthaceae
Amaranthaceae   (Amaranth Family)

Notes: Taxonomy follows APG III (http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/welcome.html).

Family Synonyms:
» Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot Family)

» Robertson, K. R. 1981. The genera of Amaranthaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arboretum 62: 267-314.
» Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 85: 531-553.
» Mosyakin, S. L. and S. E. Clemants. 2002. New nomenclatural combinations in Dysphania R. Br. (Chenopodiaceae): taxa occuring in North America. Ukrayins'k Bot. Zhurn., n.s. 59: 380-385.
» Mosyakin, S. L. 1993. An outline of a system for Chenopodium L. (species of Europe, North and Central Asia). Ukrayins'k Bot. Zhurn. 50: 71-77.
» Judd, W. S. and I. K. Ferguson. 1999. The genera of Chenopodiaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Pap. Bot. 4: 365-416.
» Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 85: 531-553.
» Rodman, J. E. 1990. Centrospermae revisited, part 1. Taxon 39: 383-393.
» Weber, W. A. 1985. The genus Teloxys (Chenopodiaceae). Phytologia 58: 477-478.
» Wahl, H. A. 1952. A preliminary study of the genus Chenopodium in North America. Bartonia 27: 1-46.
» Bassett, I. J. and C. W. Crompton. 1982. The genus Chenopodium in Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 586-610.
» Mosyakin, S. L. and S. E. Clemants. 1996. New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Chenopodium L. (Chenopodiaceae). Novon 6: 398-403.

Family treatment authored by Peter F. Zika; last updated 9/4/2012 by David Giblin
Taxon (native species in boldface) # Synonyms Common Names
Amaranthus albus L.   [FNA, H&C] 2 tumbleweed, white pigweed
Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson   [FNA] 1 prostrate pigweed, matweed
Amaranthus blitum L.   [FNA4, not in H&C] 3 pale or livid amaranth
Amaranthus californicus (Moq.) S. Wats.   [FNA4] 1 California amaranth
Amaranthus cruentus L.   [FNA4, not in H&C] 2 blood or purple amaranth, caterpillar amaranth
Amaranthus hybridus L.   [FNA4, not in H&C] 0 smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, green amaranth, green pigweed, hybrid amaranth
Amaranthus powellii S. Watson   [H&C, FNA4] 4 green amaranth, Powell's amaranth
Amaranthus retroflexus L.   [H&C, FNA4] 1 redroot pigweed, rough pigweed
Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) J. D. Sauer   [FNA4, not in H&C] 12 tall or rough-fruited waterhemp
Atriplex argentea Nutt. var. argentea    [FNA4] 3 silver saltbush, silverscale
Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt. var. canescens    [FNA4, H&C] 2 hoary saltbush
Atriplex dioica Raf.   [FNA4] 3 thickleaf orach, saline saltbush
Atriplex gardneri (Moq.) D. Dietr. var. falcata (M.E. Jones) Welsh   [FNA4] 2 saltsage, moundscale, sickle or gardner's saltbush
Atriplex gmelinii C.A. Mey. ex Bong. var. gmelinii    [FNA4] 3 Gmelin's saltbush or orach
Atriplex heterosperma Bunge   [FNA4, H&C] 1 Russian atriplex or orach
Atriplex hortensis L.   [FNA4, H&C] 1 garden orache, French spinach
Atriplex littoralis L.   [FNA4] 1 narrow-leaved or grassleaf orache
Atriplex longipes Drejer   [Draf Revised H&C, Flora Europaea] 3 Baltic saltbush, long-stalked orache
Atriplex oblongifolia Waldst. & Kit.   [FNA4, not in H&C] 0 oblongleaf orache
Atriplex patula L.   [FNA4] 3 spear oracle, halberdleaf orache
Atriplex prostrata Bouchér ex DC.   [FNA4] 2 thin-leaf or hastate orache, fat hen
Atriplex rosea L.   [FNA4, H&C] 0 red or tumbling orach
Atriplex semibaccata R. Br.   [FNA4, not in H&C] 1 Australian or creeping saltbush, berry saltbush
Atriplex truncata (Torr. ex S. Watson) A. Gray   [FNA4, H&C] 2 wedgescale or wedge orache, wedgeleaf orache
Bassia hyssopifolia (Pallas) Kuntz   [FNA4, H&C] 2 bassia, fivehorn smotherweed
Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott   [Draft Revised H&C] 5 summer or mock cypress, red belvedere
Chenopodium album L.   [FNA4, H&C] 4 pigweed, lambsquarters
Chenopodium atrovirens Rydb. 1 pinyon goosefoot
Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. zschackei (Murr) Murr ex Graebn.   [FNA4] 3 pitseed goosefoot
Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi var. capitatum    [FNA4] 4 strawberry blight, Indian paint, Indian ink
Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Ambrosi var. parvicapitatum S.L. Welsh 0 Over's Goosefoot
Chenopodium chenopodioides (L.) Aellen   [FNA4, H&C] 2 red or low goosefoot
Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson   [FNA4] 1 narrowleaf goosefoot
Chenopodium foliosum (Moench) Asch.   [FNA4, H&C] 1 leafy goosefoot
Chenopodium fremontii S. Watson   [FNA4] 1 Fremont's goosefoot
Chenopodium glaucum L. var. glaucum    [FNA4] 0 oak-leaf goosefoot
Chenopodium glaucum L. var. salinum (Standl.) B. Boivin   [FNA4] 3 Rocky Mountain goosefoot
Chenopodium hians Standl.   [FNA4] 1 Hians goosefoot
Chenopodium leptophyllum (Nutt. ex Moq.) S. Watson   [FNA4] 2 narrowleaf goosefoot
Chenopodium macrospermum Hook. f.   [FNA4, not in H&C] 4 large seed goosefoot
Chenopodium murale L.   [FNA4, H&C] 1 nettleleaf goosefoot, sowbane, wall goosefoot
Chenopodium pratericola Rydb.   [FNA4] 2 narrowleaf or desert goosefoot
Chenopodium rubrum L. var. humile (Hook.) S. Watson   [FNA4] 3 marshland goosefoot
Chenopodium rubrum L. var. rubrum    [FNA4] 1 red goosefoot
Chenopodium ×schulzeanum Murr   [FNA4] 0 hybrid goosefoot
Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf.   [FNA4] 4 maple leaf or giant goosefoot
Chenopodium strictum Roth   [FNA4, not in H&C] 5 white goosefoot
Chenopodium subglabrum (S. Watson) A. Nelson   [FNA4] 1 smooth goosefoot
Corispermum americanum (Nutt.) Nutt. var. americanum    [FNA4] 1 American bugseed
Corispermum hookeri Mosyakin var. pseudodeclinatum Mosyakin 0 Hooker's bugseed
Corispermum pacificum Mosyakin   [FNA4] 1 Pacific bugseed
Corispermum pallasii Steven 0 Pallas' bugseed
Corispermum pallidum Mosyakin   [FNA4] 1 pale bugseed
Corispermum villosum Rydb.   [FNA4] 1 hairy bugseed
Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants   [FNA4] 2 Mexican tea, wormseed
Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants   [FNA4] 2 Jerusalem oak goosefoot
Dysphania pumilio (R. Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants   [FNA4] 2 clammy goosefoot, small crumbweed
Grayia spinosa (Hook.) Moq.   [FNA4] 2 spiny hopsage
Halogeton glomeratus (M. Bieb.) C.A. Mey.   [FNA4, H&C] 1 saltlover, halogeton
Krascheninnikovia lanata (Pursh) A. Meeuse & A. Smit   [FNA4] 4 winterfat
Micromonolepis pusilla (Torr. ex S. Watson) Ulbrich   [FNA4] 1 red povertyweed
Monolepis nuttalliana (Schult.) Greene   [FNA4, H&C] 2 Nuttall's povertyweed
Monolepis spathulata Gray   [FNA4, H&C] 0 prostrate monolepis
Nitrophila occidentalis (Moq.) S. Watson   [FNA4, H&C] 0 boraxweed
Salicornia depressa Standl.   [FNA4] 2 low saltwort
Salicornia rubra A. Nelson   [FNA4] 1 red glasswort or saltwort
Salsola tragus L.   [FNA4] 5 Russian thistle, tumbleweed
Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A.J. Scott   [FNA4] 3 pickleweed, woody glasswort
Spinacia oleracea L.   [FNA4, H&C] 2 spinach
Suaeda calceoliformis (Hook.) Moq.   [FNA4] 6 horned seablite, pahute weed, paiuteweed, common seablite
Suaeda nigra (Raf.) J. F. Macbr.   [FNA4, H&C] 4 bushy seablite or seepweed
Suaeda occidentalis (S. Watson) S. Watson   [FNA4, H&C] 1 western seepweed, slender seablite

© 2010 University of Washington Herbarium,
Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture.
All Rights Reserved.
Box 355325, University of Washington,
Seattle, WA 98195-5325.