Checklist » Poaceae
Poaceae[HC2](Grass Family)
Synonyms:
Gramineae[HC] 

Notes:

References:

» Barkworth, M. E., K. M. Capels, S. Long, and M. B. Piep, eds. 2003. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 25 Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York. 783 p.
» Hitchcock, A.S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States. Misc. Publ. 200. USDA. (but title page says revised Feb., 1951!)

Family information last updated 8/3/2009 by David Giblin.

Taxon (native taxa in boldface)
Common Names
# Synonyms
Henderson's rice grass
2 synonyms
Indian rice grass
3 synonyms
Lemmon's needlegrass
2 synonyms
ssp. lemmonii[FNA24, HC2]
Lemmon's needlegrass
2 synonyms
Nelson's needlegrass
5 synonyms
Nelson's needlegrass
2 synonyms
Nevada needlegrass
1 synonym
common western needlegrass
1 synonym
California needlegrass
4 synonyms
western needlegrass
2 synonyms
Richardson's rice grass
1 synonym
Thurber's rice grass
1 synonym
Aegilops cylindrica Host[FNA24, HC, HC2]
jointed goat grass
3 synonyms
perennial beardgrass
2 synonyms
crested wheatgrass
0 synonyms
Siberian wheatgrass
1 synonym
velvet bentgrass
0 synonyms
colonial bent
5 synonyms
Highland bent, dryland browntop
0 synonyms
Agrostis exarata Trin.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
spiked bent
16 synonyms
black bent
4 synonyms
Agrostis idahoensis Nash[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Idaho bent
5 synonyms
northern bent
5 synonyms
small-leaf bent
2 synonyms
Oregon bent
0 synonyms
Agrostis pallens Trin.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
seashore bent
3 synonyms
Agrostis scabra Willd.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
rough bent
8 synonyms
spreading bent
6 synonyms
alpine bent
0 synonyms
silver hairgrass
1 synonym
var. caryophyllea[FNA24, HC2]
silver hairgrass
0 synonyms
delicate hairgrass
5 synonyms
Aira praecox L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
early silver-hair grass
1 synonym
little foxtail, short-awn foxtail
0 synonyms
var. aequalis[FNA24, HC2]
shortawn fescue
3 synonyms
creeping meadow-foxtail
1 synonym
tufted meadow-foxtail
2 synonyms
water fescue
1 synonym
slender meadow-foxtail
1 synonym
Alopecurus pratensis L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
field meadow-foxtail
0 synonyms
Pacific meadow-foxtail
1 synonym
European beachgrass
0 synonyms
ssp. arenaria[FNA24, HC2]
European beach grass
0 synonyms
American beachgrass
0 synonyms
ssp. breviligulata[FNA24, HC2]
American beachgrass
0 synonyms
annual vernalgrass
2 synonyms
ssp. aristatum[FNA24, HC2]
small sweet vernal grass
0 synonyms
Anthoxanthum odoratum L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
sweet vernalgrass
2 synonyms
dense silky-bent
1 synonym
silky windgrass
1 synonym
 
0 synonyms
red threeawn
5 synonyms
bulbous oatgrass
2 synonyms
bulbous oatgrass
1 synonym
barbed oat
0 synonyms
Avena fatua L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
wild oat
2 synonyms
Avena sativa L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
oat
3 synonyms
American slough grass
5 synonyms
false brome
0 synonyms
Briza maxima L.[FNA24, HC2]
big quakinggrass
0 synonyms
Briza minor L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
little quaking grass
0 synonyms
Australian brome
0 synonyms
rattlesnake brome
1 synonym
Bromus ciliatus L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
fringed brome
7 synonyms
meadow brome
1 synonym
great brome, ripgut brome, ripgut grass
4 synonyms
upright brome
1 synonym
soft chess
2 synonyms
Bromus inermis Leyss.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
smooth brome
3 synonyms
Japanese brome
2 synonyms
compact brome
1 synonym
Bromus orcuttianus Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
chinook brome
1 synonym
Bromus pacificus Shear[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Pacific brome
1 synonym
pumpelly brome
9 synonyms
ssp. pumpellianus[FNA24, HC2]
arctic brome
0 synonyms
bald brome
0 synonyms
Bromus rubens L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
fox-tail brome
2 synonyms
Bromus secalinus L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
rye brome
2 synonyms
Bromus sitchensis Trin.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Alaska brome
0 synonyms
Aleut brome
1 synonym
California brome
5 synonyms
large mountain brome
7 synonyms
Sitka brome
0 synonyms
corn brome
1 synonym
Bromus sterilis L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
poverty brome
1 synonym
Bromus suksdorfii Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Suksdorf's brome
1 synonym
Bromus tectorum L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
cheat grass
4 synonyms
Columbian brome
4 synonyms
bluejoint reedgrass
3 synonyms
var. canadensis[FNA24, HC, HC2]
bluejoint reedgrass
7 synonyms
 
7 synonyms
Howell's reed grass
0 synonyms
Nootka reed grass
1 synonym
purple reedgrass
8 synonyms
pinegrass
1 synonym
slimstem reedgrass
2 synonyms
narrow-spiked reedgrass
23 synonyms
ssp. stricta[FNA24, HC2]
narrow-spiked reedgrass
4 synonyms
Rainier reedgrass
1 synonym
Cascade reed grass
0 synonyms
prairie sandreed
0 synonyms
var. longifolia[FNA24, HC2]
prairie sandgrass sandreed, prairie sandreed
0 synonyms
longspine sandbur, mat sandbur
1 synonym
slender wood-reed
0 synonyms
Job's-tears
0 synonyms
moss grass
0 synonyms
purple pampas grass
0 synonyms
gray club-awn grass
1 synonym
foxtail pricklegrass
1 synonym
modest pricklegrass
0 synonyms
bermuda grass
2 synonyms
Cynosurus cristatus L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
crested dogtail
0 synonyms
Cynosurus echinatus L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
bristly dog's-tail grass
0 synonyms
Dactylis glomerata L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
orchard grass
3 synonyms
California oatgrass
4 synonyms
common heath-grass, mountain heath-grass
2 synonyms
timber oatgrass
2 synonyms
poverty oatgrass
3 synonyms
few-flower oatgrass, one-spike oatgrass
0 synonyms
bering hair grass, Pacific hair grass, tufted hair grass, Beringian hairgrass, tufted hairgrass
23 synonyms
annual hair grass
3 synonyms
slender hair grass
1 synonym
hairy perennial panicgrass
0 synonyms
hairy panicgrass
3 synonyms
Scribner's perennial panicgrass
0 synonyms
Scribner's panicgrass witchgrass
6 synonyms
smooth crabgrass
3 synonyms
hairy crabgrass
2 synonyms
clustered salt-grassprangletop, loose-flowered sprangletop
1 synonym
bearded sprangletop
8 synonyms
alkaline grass, coastal salt grass
10 synonyms
awnless barnyard grass, or jungle-rice
2 synonyms
barnyard grass, or large barnyard grass
4 synonyms
guleaf barnyard-grass
0 synonyms
var. crus-pavonis[FNA25, HC2]
gulf barnyard grass
0 synonyms
American barnyard-grass
0 synonyms
American barnyard grass, or watergrass
3 synonyms
goosegrass
0 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
Montana wild rye
10 synonyms
Canadian wild rye
1 synonym
var. canadensis[FNA24, HC2]
nodding wild rye
3 synonyms
beardless wild rye, awnless wildrye
3 synonyms
bottlebrush, squirreltail
4 synonyms
longleaf squirreltail
1 synonym
ssp. elymoides[FNA24, HC2]
bottlebrush squirreltail, California squirreltail
2 synonyms
bottlebrush squirreltail
3 synonyms
blue wild-rye
0 synonyms
ssp. glaucus[FNA24, HC2]
blue wildrye
4 synonyms
blue wildrye
3 synonyms
 
3 synonyms
Elymus hirsutus J. Presl[FNA24, HC, HC2]
boreal wild rye
0 synonyms
ssp. lanceolatus[FNA24, HC2]
thick-spiked wheatgrass
3 synonyms
sand-dune wheatgrass
1 synonym
stream bank wheatgrass
1 synonym
big squirreltail
1 synonym
creeping wild rye
8 synonyms
Scribner's wild rye
1 synonym
Sierra wheatgrass
1 synonym
slender wheatgrass
4 synonyms
ssp. trachycaulus[FNA24, HC2]
bearded wheatgrass
17 synonyms
arctic wheatgrass, bearded wheatgrass
11 synonyms
wawawai wild rye
0 synonyms
stinkgrass
3 synonyms
weeping lovegrass
0 synonyms
teal love grass
1 synonym
six-weeks love grass
0 synonyms
Mexican lovegrass
0 synonyms
Mexican lovegrass, orcutt's lovegrass
2 synonyms
little lovegrass
2 synonyms
tufted lovegrass
3 synonyms
var. pectinacea[FNA25, HC2]
purple eragrostis, tufted eragrostis
1 synonym
India lovegrass
2 synonyms
var. pilosa[FNA25, HC2]
India lovegrass
0 synonyms
annual false wheat grass
2 synonyms
alpine fescue
5 synonyms
ssp. brachyphylla[FNA24, HC2]
alpine fescue
1 synonym
 
0 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
prairie fescue
3 synonyms
fine-leaf sheep fescue
4 synonyms
Festuca idahoensis Elmer[FNA24, HC, HC2]
bluebunch fescue
8 synonyms
western fescue
1 synonym
Festuca ovina L.[FNA24, HC]
sheep fescue
1 synonym
Roemer's fescue
1 synonym
 
0 synonyms
red fescue
2 synonyms
 
3 synonyms
rock fescue
2 synonyms
dune red fescue
1 synonym
ssp. rubra[FNA24]
red fescue
1 synonym
red fescue
1 synonym
Rocky Mountain fescue
0 synonyms
Festuca subulata Trin.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
bearded fescue
0 synonyms
crinkle-awn fescue
0 synonyms
hard fescue
6 synonyms
Valais fescue
0 synonyms
Festuca viridula Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
green-leaf fescue
0 synonyms
Washington fescue
0 synonyms
small floating manna grass
1 synonym
Canada mannagrass, rattlesnake mannagrass
1 synonym
var. canadensis[FNA24, HC2]
rattlesnake manna grass
0 synonyms
low glyceria
0 synonyms
tall mannagrass
0 synonyms
water mannagrass
0 synonyms
American mannagrass
3 synonyms
var. grandis[FNA24, HC2]
reed mannagrass
0 synonyms
slender-spike manna grass
1 synonym
tall mannagrass
0 synonyms
northwestern manna grass
0 synonyms
fowl manna grass
5 synonyms
beardless false oat
1 synonym
needle-and-thread
1 synonym
ssp. comata[FNA24, HC2]
needle and thread
2 synonyms
Tweedy's needlegrass
3 synonyms
California sweet grass, California sweetgrass
2 synonyms
hairy sweetgrass, vanillagrass
4 synonyms
Holcus lanatus L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
common velvet grass
1 synonym
creeping softgrass, creeping velvet-grass
0 synonyms
ssp. mollis[FNA24, HC2]
creeping velvet grass
0 synonyms
meadow barley
2 synonyms
meadow barley
5 synonyms
dwarf barley
1 synonym
foxtail barley
1 synonym
ssp. jubatum[FNA24, HC2]
foxtail barley
0 synonyms
Mediterranean barley
0 synonyms
Mediterranean barley
7 synonyms
mouse barley, smooth barley, wall barley
0 synonyms
mouse barley
4 synonyms
mouse barley
2 synonyms
ssp. murinum[FNA24, HC2]
mouse barley
1 synonym
Hordeum pusillum Nutt.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
little barley
2 synonyms
barley
4 synonyms
ssp. vulgare[FNA24, HC2]
common barley
0 synonyms
prairie Koeler's grass
6 synonyms
rice cut grass
2 synonyms
Great Basin lyme grass
6 synonyms
giant wildrye
0 synonyms
sand lyme grass
3 synonyms
American dunegrass
4 synonyms
ssp. mollis[FNA24, HC2]
yellow ryegrass
2 synonyms
mammoth lyme grass
4 synonyms
beardless lyme grass
5 synonyms
Vancouver wildrye
3 synonyms
Lolium multiflorum Lam.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
annual ryegrass, Italian ryegrass, perennial ryegrass
7 synonyms
Lolium perenne L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
English ryegrass, perennial ryegrass
2 synonyms
Persian ryegrass
0 synonyms
darnel, tare
3 synonyms
ssp. temulentum[FNA24, HC2]
darnel
1 synonym
bearded melic grass
0 synonyms
onion grass
7 synonyms
silky melic
0 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
Melica fugax Bol.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
small melic grass
3 synonyms
Melica harfordii Bol.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Harford's melic grass
1 synonym
Smith's melic grass
2 synonyms
showy melic grass
2 synonyms
Alaska oniongrass
2 synonyms
Chinese silvergrass
0 synonyms
purple moor grass
0 synonyms
foxtail muhly
1 synonym
or alkali muhly, scratchgrass
1 synonym
spiked muhly
2 synonyms
wirestem muhly
1 synonym
annual muhly, least muhly
3 synonyms
green muhly
1 synonym
matted muhly
2 synonyms
green nassella
1 synonym
white-grain mountain-rice grass
0 synonyms
witchgrass
0 synonyms
ssp. capillare[FNA24, HC2]
or common panicgrass, witchgrass
2 synonyms
fall panicum
0 synonyms
fall panicum, western witchgrass
2 synonyms
millet
0 synonyms
ssp. miliaceum[FNA24, HC2]
broomcorn, hog millet, panic millet, proso millet
0 synonyms
broomcorn, hog millet, panic millet
0 synonyms
sicklegrass
0 synonyms
western-wheat grass
7 synonyms
Paspalum distichum L.[FNA25, HC, HC2]
knotgrass, Thompsongrass
3 synonyms
pearl millet
1 synonym
tender fountaingrass
0 synonyms
Phalaris arundinacea L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
reed canary grass
3 synonyms
Phalaris canariensis L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
common canary grass
0 synonyms
Phalaris paradoxa L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Mediterranean canary grass
1 synonym
Phleum alpinum L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
mountain Timothy
0 synonyms
Timothy
0 synonyms
ssp. pratense[FNA24, HC2]
common Timothy
3 synonyms
common reed
1 synonym
common reed
0 synonyms
ssp. australis[FNA25, HC2]
common reed
0 synonyms
little mountain-ricegrass
2 synonyms
nodding false semaphore grass
1 synonym
Poa alpina L.[HC, HC2]
alpine bluegrass
0 synonyms
ssp. alpina[FNA24, HC2]
alpine blue grass
0 synonyms
Poa annua L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
annual blue grass
2 synonyms
arctic bluegrass
1 synonym
 
0 synonyms
Poa bolanderi Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Bolander's blue grass
1 synonym
bulbous bluegrass
0 synonyms
bulbous blue grass
0 synonyms
Poa compressa L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
flat-stem blue grass
0 synonyms
Poa confinis Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
coastline blue grass
0 synonyms
Poa curtifolia Scribn.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
little mountain blue grass
0 synonyms
Cusick's bluegrass
0 synonyms
ssp. cusickii[FNA24, HC2]
Cusick's bluegrass
3 synonyms
skyline bluegrass
2 synonyms
Cusick's bluegrass
0 synonyms
Cusick's bluegrass
1 synonym
muttongrass
0 synonyms
muttongrass
2 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
timberline bluegrass
2 synonyms
Howell's blue grass
2 synonyms
weak bluegrass
0 synonyms
Poa interior Rydb.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
interior bluegrass, woods blue grass
2 synonyms
Poa laxiflora Buckley[FNA24, HC, HC2]
loose-flower blue grass
0 synonyms
Poa leibergii Scribn.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Leiberg's blue grass
1 synonym
Poa leptocoma Trin.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
marsh blue grass
1 synonym
Poa lettermanii Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
Letterman's blue grass
2 synonyms
Poa macrantha Vasey[FNA24, HC, HC2]
sand-dune blue grass
2 synonyms
Poa marcida Hitchc.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
withered blue grass
1 synonym
 
1 synonym
Poa nemoralis L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
woodland bluegrass
0 synonyms
Hooker's blue grass
1 synonym
Poa palustris L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
fowl blue grass
4 synonyms
Alaska blue grass
3 synonyms
Kentucky bluegrass
0 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
ssp. pratensis[FNA24, HC2]
Kentucky blue grass
2 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
alkali bluegrass, big bluegrass, Nevada bluegrass
8 synonyms
ssp. secunda[FNA24, HC2]
curly blue grass
14 synonyms
narrow-flowered bluegrass
2 synonyms
var. stenantha[FNA24, HC2]
narrow-flower blue grass
0 synonyms
western blue grass
0 synonyms
Poa trivialis L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
rough-stalk blue grass
0 synonyms
 
0 synonyms
sea-bluff bluegrass
0 synonyms
San Francisco blue grass
1 synonym
Poa wheeleri Vasey[FNA24, HC2]
Wheeler's blue grass
2 synonyms
arctic bent
1 synonym
alpine bent, mountain bent
1 synonym
Thurber's bent
1 synonym
Chilean rabbit's-foot grass
0 synonyms
Asia Minor bluegrass
0 synonyms
ditch rabbit's-foot grass
1 synonym
annual rabbit's-foot grass
1 synonym
beardless rabbit's-foot grass
4 synonyms
Russian-wild rye
2 synonyms
?bluebunch wheatgrass
11 synonyms
weeping alkaligrass, European alkali grass
6 synonyms
Lemmon's alkali grass
0 synonyms
coast alkaligrass
1 synonym
Nootka alkali grass, shining alkali grass
6 synonyms
Nuttall's alkali grass
2 synonyms
dwarf alkali grass
4 synonyms
blowout grass
0 synonyms
broadleaf bamboo
0 synonyms
tall fescue, tall rye grass
5 synonyms
meadow fescue, meadow rye grass
2 synonyms
broom bluestem, little bluestem
1 synonym
var. scoparium[FNA25, HC2]
broom beardgras, broom bluestem, little bluestem
0 synonyms
common hard grass
1 synonym
fern grass
3 synonyms
Scribner's grass
0 synonyms
Secale cereale L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
cultivated rye
1 synonym
Chinese foxtail
0 synonyms
Italian bristlegrass, foxtail millet
0 synonyms
yellow foxtail, pigeon grass
1 synonym
ssp. pumila[FNA25, HC2]
yellow foxtail
3 synonyms
hooked bristlegrass, rough bristlegrass
3 synonyms
 
4 synonyms
var. viridis[FNA25, HC2]
green bristlegrass
0 synonyms
sorghum
1 synonym
Johnson grass
1 synonym
saltwater cordgrass, smooth cordgrass
2 synonyms
English cordgrass
0 synonyms
Chilean cordgrass
0 synonyms
Spartina gracilis Trin.[FNA25, HC, HC2]
alkali cordgrass
0 synonyms
saltmeadow cordgrass
2 synonyms
Spartina pectinata Link[FNA25, HC, HC2]
freshwater cordgrass, prairie cordgrass
2 synonyms
Townsend's cordgrass
0 synonyms
slender wedgescale
2 synonyms
prairie wedgescale
3 synonyms
alkali-sacaton
1 synonym
composite dropseed, tall dropseed
3 synonyms
var. compositus[FNA25, HC2]
rough dropseed
0 synonyms
sand dropseed
4 synonyms
small dropseed
1 synonym
medusa-head
2 synonyms
intermediate wheatgrass
4 synonyms
pubescent wheatgrass
5 synonyms
ssp. intermedium[FNA24, HC2]
intermediate wheatgrass
0 synonyms
Eurasian quack grass
5 synonyms
pale false manna grass
0 synonyms
weak alkaligrass
9 synonyms
ravennagrass
1 synonym
purple sandgrass
0 synonyms
var. purpurea[FNA25, HC2]
purple sandgrass
0 synonyms
tall false oat
4 synonyms
Trisetum cernuum Trin.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
nodding Trisetum
0 synonyms
yellow false oat
1 synonym
narrow false oat
21 synonyms
Triticum aestivum L.[FNA24, HC, HC2]
bread wheat
5 synonyms
arctic-hair grass
10 synonyms
Ventenata
2 synonyms
brome fescue
4 synonyms
small fescue
3 synonyms
rat-tail six-weeks grass
5 synonyms
six–weeks fescue
2 synonyms
six-weeks fescue
2 synonyms
var. octoflora[FNA24, HC2]
six-weeks fescue
1 synonym
corn
0 synonyms
ssp. mays[FNA24, HC2]
corn, Indian corn, maize
0 synonyms
northern wild rice
0 synonyms
var. palustris[FNA24, HC2]
northern wild rice
2 synonyms