Washington Flora Checklist
A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Washington State
Hosted by the University of Washington Herbarium


Checklist » Rosaceae
Rosaceae   (Rose Family)

Notes: Rosaceae is treated in FNA Volume 9, the publication date of which is uncertain as of December 2009. Taxonomic and nomenclatural changes contained in draft treatments for that volume began to be incorporated here in October 2008.

Isolated bird-sown individuals of several additional species of Cotoneaster have been seen in King Co., but they are not considered naturalized yet; they can be identified using the keys in Stace (1997) or Fryer and Hylmo (1995).

Family Synonyms: (none)

» JPM = Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley. pp. 898-900.

» Fryer, J. and B. Hylmo. 1995. Cotoneaster Medikus. In: Cullen, J., J. C. M. Alexander, A. Brady, C. D. Brickell, P. S. Green, V. H. Heywood, P. M. Jorgensen, S. L. Jury, S. G. Knees, A. C. Leslie, V. A. Matthews, N. K. B. Robson, S. M. Walters, D. O. Wijnands and P. F. Yeo, Eds. The European Garden Flora. A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-doors and Under Glass. Volume IV, Dicotyledons (Part II). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Family treatment authored by Sarah Cooke, Peter F. Zika, David Giblin; last updated 12/31/2009 by David Giblin
Taxon (native species in boldface) # Synonyms Common Names
Agrimonia gryposepala Wallr.   [IFBC] 0 tall hairy grooveburr
Alchemilla vulgaris L.   [H&C] 0 common lady's-mantle
Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer   [Draft Revised H&C] 5 serviceberry; saskatoon
Amelanchier utahensis Koehne   [JPM2] 10 Utah serviceberry
Aphanes arvensis L.   [Stace, 1997] 1 field parsley-piert, western lady's-mantle
Aphanes australis Rydberg   [Stace, 1997] 2 small-fruited parsley-piert
Aphanes occidentalis (Nutt.) Rydb.   [IFBC] 3 parsley-piert
Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 0 black chokeberry
Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern. var. acuminatus (Rydb.) Hara   [JPM] 3 Sylvan goatsbeard
Cercocarpus ledifolius Nutt. var. intermontanus N. Holmgren   [JPM] 1 birchleaf mountain-mahogany
Cercocarpus ledifolius Nutt. var. ledifolius    [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 1 mountain mahogany
Comarum palustre L.   [FNA9] 5 purple marshlocks, marsh cinquefoil
Cotoneaster dammeri C. K. Schneid. 0 bearberry cotoneaster
Cotoneaster dielsianus E. Pritz. ex Diels 0 Diel's cotoneaster
Cotoneaster divaricatus Rehder & E.H. Wilson 0 spreading cotoneaster
Cotoneaster franchetii Bois 0 franchet's or orange cotoneaster
Cotoneaster gamblei G. Klotz 1
Cotoneaster horizontalis Decne. 0 wall or rockspray cotoneaster, rock cotoneaster
Cotoneaster lacteus W.W. Sm. 0 late or milk-flower cotoneaster
Cotoneaster lucidus Schltdl.   [not in H&C] 1 shiny cotoneaster
Cotoneaster nitens Rehder & E.H. Wilson 0 few-flowered cotoneaster
Cotoneaster rehderi Pojark. 1 bullate cotoneaster, puckered-leaf cotoneaster
Cotoneaster salicifolius Franch. 0 willow-leaved cotoneaster
Cotoneaster simonsii Baker 0 Himalayan cotoneaster, Simon's cotoneaster
Cotoneaster tengyuehensis J. Fryer & B. Hylmo 0 Tengyueh cotoneaster
Crataegus castlegarensis J. B. Phipps & O'Kennon   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 0 Castlegar hawthorn
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 1 fireberry hawthorn
Crataegus douglasii Lindl.   [JPM] 3 Douglas' hawthorn, black hawthorn
Crataegus gaylussacia A. Heller   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 2 huckleberry hawthorn, Suksdorf hawthorn
Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 1 midland hawthorn, woodland hawthorn
Crataegus macracantha Lodd. ex Loud.   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 3 large-thorned hawthorn, western large-thorned hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. var. monogyna    [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 2 English hawthorn, common hawthorn, one-seeded hawthorn
Crataegus okanaganensis J. B. Phipps & O'Kennon   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 2 Okanagan hawthorn
Crataegus okennonii J. B. Phipps   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 0 O'Kennon's hawthorn
Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik.   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 0 Washington thorn
Crataegus phippsii O'Kennon   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 0 Phipps\\\' hawthorn
Crataegus tenuior J.B. Phipps   [JBRIT 7(1): 275-297] 0
Dasiphora fruticosa (L.) Rydb.   [Draft FNA] 10 shrubby cinquefoil
Dryas drummondii Richards. ex Hook. var. drummondii    [IFBC] 4 yellow mountain-avens
Dryas hookeriana Juz.   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA9] 2 Hooker's mountain-avens, white mountain-avens
Drymocallis convallaria Rydb.   [FNA9] 4 cordilleran drymocallis
Drymocallis glandulosa (Lindl.) Rydb. var. glandulosa    [Draft FNA] 6 sticky cinquefoil, gland cinquefoil
Drymocallis pseudorupestris (Rydb.) Rydb. var. saxicola Ertter   [Draft FNA] 2 cliff drymocallis
Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke   [H&C] 1 Indian-strawberry, mock-stawberry
Filipendula occidentalis (S. Wats.) T.J. Howell   [H&C] 1 queen-of-the-forest
Fragaria ×ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier ssp. cuneifolia (Nutt. ex Howell) Staudt 2
Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.   [JPM] 2 beach strawberry, coastal strawberry
Fragaria vesca L. var. bracteata (Heller) R.J. Davis   [H&C] 3 strawberry
Fragaria vesca L. var. crinita (Rydb.) C.L. Hitchc.   [H&C] 1 strawberry
Fragaria virginiana Duchesne ssp. platypetala (Rydb.) Staudt   [Draft Revised H&C] 6 broadpetal strawberry
Fragaria virginiana Duchesne var. glauca S. Wats.   [H&C] 7 wild strawberry
Geum aleppicum Jacq.   [H&C] 4 yellow avens
Geum macrophyllum Willd. var. macrophyllum    [H&C] 1 largeleaved avens, bigleaf avens
Geum macrophyllum Willd. var. perincisum (Rydb.) Raup   [H&C] 5 largeleaved avens
Geum rivale L.   [H&C] 1 purple avens, water avens
Geum rossii (R. Br.) Ser.   [Draft Revised H&C; FNA 9] 1 Ross's avens
Geum triflorum Pursh var. campanulatum (Greene) C.L. Hitchc.   [H&C] 3 old man's whiskers
Geum triflorum Pursh var. ciliatum (Pursh) Fassett   [H&C] 3 prairie smoke, old-man's whiskers
Geum urbanum L.   [Stace, 1997] 0 herb-bennet
Holodiscus discolor (Pursh) Maxim.   [JPM2] 8 hillside oceanspray, creambush ocean-spray
Horkelia fusca Lindl. var. capitata (Lindl.) Wawra   [H&C] 2 horkelia
Horkelia fusca Lindl. var. fusca    [H&C] 12 horkelia
Ivesia gordonii (Hook.) Torr. & Gray   [H&C] 4 alpine mousetail, gordon's ivesia
Ivesia tweedyi Rydb.   [H&C] 1 Tweedy's mousetail
Luetkea pectinata (Pursh) Kuntze   [H&C] 3 partridgefoot, lutkea
Malus dawsoniana Rehder 0 Dawson apple
Malus ×domestica Borkh.   [Stace, 1997] 2 apple, cultivated apple
Malus fusca (Raf.) Schneid.   [IFBC] 8 Oregon crabapple, western crabapple
Malus pumila Mill. 0 cultivated apple
Malus pumila Mill.   [IFBC] 0 cultivated apple
Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & Gray ex Hook. & Arn.) Landon   [H&C] 6 oso-berry, osoberry
Petrophytum caespitosum (Nutt.) Rydb. ssp. caespitosum    [JPM2] 4 Rocky Mountain rockmat
Petrophytum cinerascens (Piper) Rydb.   [H&C] 2 Chelan rockmat
Petrophytum hendersonii (Canby) Rydb.   [H&C] 4 Olympic Mountain rockmat
Photinia davidiana (Decne.) Cardot 0 stranvaesia, Chinese redtip
Photinia villosa DC. 0 oriental redtip
Physocarpus capitatus (Pursh) Kuntze   [H&C] 9 Pacific ninebark
Physocarpus malvaceus (Greene) Kuntze   [H&C] 9 mallow-leaf ninebark, mallow ninebark
Potentilla anserina L ssp. anserina    [FNA9] 6 common silverweed
Potentilla anserina L. ssp. pacifica (T.J. Howell) Rousi   [FNA9] 10 Pacific silverweed
Potentilla argentea L.   [FNA9] 1 silver or hoary cinquefoil
Potentilla biennis Greene   [FNA9, H&C] 3 biennial cinquefoil
Potentilla breweri S. Wats.   [FNA9, H&C] 3 Brewer's cinquefoil
Potentilla drummondii Lehm.   [FNA9, H&C] 4 Drummond's cinquefoil
Potentilla flabellifolia Hook. ex Torr. & Gray   [FNA9, H&C] 0 fringe-leaf cinquefoil, fan-leaf cinquefoil, fan-foil
Potentilla glaucophylla Lehm. var. glaucophylla    [FNA9] 6 blueleaf cinquefoil, vari-leaved cinquefoil
Potentilla glaucophylla Lehmann var. perdissecta (Rydberg) Soják   [FNA9] 4 blueleaf cinquefoil, vari-leaved cinquefoil
Potentilla gracilis Dougl. ex Hook. var. elmeri (Rydb.) Jepson   [FNA9] 1 Elmer's cinquefoil
Potentilla gracilis Dougl. ex Hook. var. fastigiata (Nutt.) S. Wats.   [FNA, H&C] 20 slender cinquefoil, Hall’s cinquefoil
Potentilla gracilis Dougl. ex Hook. var. flabelliformis (Lehm.) Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray   [FNA, H&C] 1 Idaho cinquefoil
Potentilla gracilis Dougl. ex Hook. var. gracilis    [FNA, H&C] 2 slender cinquefoil, wooly cinquefoil
Potentilla inclinata Vill.   [FNA9] 2 grey cinquefoil
Potentilla jepsonii Ertter   [FNA9] 2 Jepson's cinquefoil
Potentilla newberryi Gray   [FNA9, H&C] 2 Newberry's cinquefoil
Potentilla nivea L.   [FNA9, H&C] 13 snow cinquefoil
Potentilla norvegica L.   [FNA9, H&C] 6 Norwegian or rough cinquefoil
Potentilla recta L.   [FNA9, H&C] 5 sulphur cinquefoil
Potentilla rivalis Nutt.   [FNA9] 6 brook cinquefoil
Potentilla supina L. ssp. paradoxa (Nutt.) Soják   [Draft FNA9] 4 bushy cinquefoil
Potentilla villosa Pallas ex Pursh   [FNA9, H&C] 5 northern cinquefoil, villous cinquefoil
Poteridium annuum (Nutt. ex Hook.) Spach 1
Poteridium occidentale Rydb.   [Draft FNA9] 1 annual burnet
Poterium sanguisorba L. var. polygamum (Waldstein & Kitaibel) Visiani   [FNA9] 6 salad or fodder burnet, burnet bloodwort
Prunus americana Marsh.   [H&C] 1 American plum, wild plum
Prunus avium (L.) L.   [H&C] 1 sweet cherry
Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.   [JPM] 1 cherry plum
Prunus cerasus L   [H&C] 0 sour cherry
Prunus domestica L.   [H&C] 0 cultivated plum
Prunus dulcis (P. Mill.) D.A. Webber    [Stace, 1997] 1 almond
Prunus emarginata (Douglas) Eaton   [IFBC] 6 bitter cherry
Prunus laurocerasus L.   [H&C] 1 cherry-laurel, laurel cherry
Prunus lusitanica L.   [Draft Revised H&C] 0 Portugal laurel
Prunus mahaleb L.   [H&C] 0 perfumed cherry, mahaleb cherry
Prunus padus L.   [H&C] 0 European bird cherry
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch   [Draft Revised H&C] 0 peach
Prunus ×pugetensis A. L. Jacobson & P. F. Zika   [Madrono 54: 74-85. 2007.] 0 Puget Sound cherry
Prunus spinosa L.   [H&C] 0 blackthorn
Prunus tomentosa Thunb. 0
Prunus virginiana L. var. demissa (Nutt.) Torr.   [H&C] 5 common chokecherry
Prunus virginiana L. var. melanocarpa (A. Nels.) Sarg.   [H&C] 11 white chokecherry, western chokecherry
Purshia tridentata (Pursh) DC.   [H&C] 2 bitterbrush, antelope-brush
Pyracantha coccinea M. Roem.   [IFBC] 1 firethorn, scarlet firethorn
Pyrus calleryana Decne.   [Stace, 1997] 0 Callery pear
Pyrus communis L.   [H&C] 0 common pear
Pyrus nivalis Jacq.   [Flora Europaea] 1
Rosa canina L.   [H&C] 2 dog rose
Rosa eglanteria L.   [H&C] 1 sweetbrier rose
Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt.   [H&C] 4 baldhip rose, wood rose
Rosa micrantha Borrer ex Sm.   [Stace, 1997] 0 small-flowered sweetbrier
Rosa multiflora Thunb. ex Murr.   [IFBC] 1 rambler rose
Rosa nutkana C. Presl ssp. macdougalii (Holzinger) Piper   [FNA9] 19 Nootka rose
Rosa nutkana C. Presl ssp. nutkana    [FNA9] 4 Nootka rose
Rosa pisocarpa Gray   [H&C] 4 peafruit rose, clustered rose
Rosa rugosa Thunb.   [Stace, 1997] 1 rugosa rose
Rosa woodsii Lindl. var. ultramontana (S. Wats.) Jepson   [H&C] 9 pearhip rose
Rubus arcticus L. ssp. acaulis (Michx.) Focke   [IFBC] 4 nagoonberry
Rubus bifrons Vest   [FNA9] 4 Himalayan blackberry, European blackberry
Rubus chamaemorus L.   [H&C] 2 cloudberry
Rubus hispidus L.   [Draft FNA9] 4 bristly or swamp dewberry
Rubus idaeus L. ssp. strigosus (Michx.) Focke   [IFBC] 15 grayleaf red raspberry, red raspberry
Rubus laciniatus Willd.   [H&C] 1 cut-leaf blackberry, evergreen blackberry
Rubus lasiococcus Gray   [Draft FNA9] 1 hairy-fruit smooth dewberry, dwarf bramble, roughfruit berry
Rubus leucodermis Douglas ex Torrey & A. Gray   [Draft FNA9] 6 blackcap raspberry, dark raspberry, whitebark raspberry
Rubus nigerrimus (Greene) Rydb.   [H&C] 1 dark raspberry, northwest raspberry
Rubus nivalis Dougl. ex Hook.   [Draft FNA9] 1 snow dewberry, snow dwarf bramble
Rubus odoratus L.   [Draft FNA9] 0 purple flowering raspberry
Rubus parviflorus Nutt.   [Draft FNA9] 17 thimbleberry
Rubus pedatus Sm.   [Draft FNA9] 4 strawberry-leaf raspberry, strawberry bramble
Rubus pensilvanicus Poir.   [Draft FNA] 0 Pennsylvania blackberry
Rubus pubescens Raf.   [Draft FNA9] 4 dwarf red blackberry or raspberry or red raspberry
Rubus spectabilis Pursh   [Draft FNA9] 5 salmonberry
Rubus ulmifolius Schott   [FNA9] 2 elm-leaf blackberry
Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht.   [Draft FNA9] 7 California, Pacific, or trailing blackberry
Rubus vestitus Weihe & Nees   [Draft FNA9] 0 European blackberry
Sanguisorba menziesii Rydb.   [Draft FNA9, H&C] 1 small-head burnet, Menzies' burnet
Sanguisorba officinalis L.   [Draft FNA9] 3 great burnet, garden burnet
Sanguisorba stipulata Raf.   [Draft FNA9] 5 Sitka burnet
Sibbaldia procumbens L.   [H&C] 2 creeping-glow-wort, creeping sibbaldia
Sorbaria kirilowii (Regel) Maxim.   [Stace, 1997] 1 gian false spiraea
Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A. Braun   [Stace, 1997] 2 false spiraea
Sorbus aucuparia L.   [H&C] 1 European mountain-ash
Sorbus hybrida L.   [Stace, 1997] 0 Swedish service-tree
Sorbus intermedia (Ehrh.) Pers.   [Stace, 1997] 0 Swedish whitebeam
Sorbus scopulina Greene var. cascadensis (G.N. Jones) C.L. Hitchc.   [H&C] 2 Cascade mountain-ash
Sorbus scopulina Greene var. scopulina    [H&C] 1 Greene's mountain ash, western mountain-ash
Sorbus sitchensis M. Roemer var. grayi (Wenzig) C.L. Hitchc.   [H&C] 2 Sitka mountain-ash
Sorbus sitchensis M. Roemer var. sitchensis    [H&C] 5 Sitka mountain-ash
Spiraea densiflora Nutt. var. densiflora    [Draft FNA9, H&C] 2 subalpine spiraea
Spiraea densiflora Nutt. ex Greenm. var. splendens (Baumann ex K. Koch) C.L. Hitchc.   [Draft FNA9, H&C] 3 subalpine spiraea
Spiraea douglasii Hook. var. douglasii    [Draft FNA9, H&C] 0 Douglas' spiraea
Spiraea douglasii Hook. var. menziesii (Hook.) K. Presl   [Draft FNA9, H&C] 4 Menzies' spiraea
Spiraea douglasii Hook. var. roseata (Rydb.) C.L. Hitchc.   [Draft FNA9] 0 Douglas’ or rose spiraea, western hardhack
Spiraea ×hitchcockii Hess & Stoynoff   [Sida 18(3): 827-830. 1999] 0 Hitchcock's spiraea
Spiraea lucida Dougl. ex Greene   [Draft FNA9] 3 shiny-leaf spiraea
Spiraea ×pyramidata Greene (pro. sp.)   [Draft FNA9, H&C] 2 pyramid spiraea

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