selected vouchers: WTU
Notes: FNA3: "Like Corylus americana Walter, the beaked hazel ( C . cornuta subsp. cornuta ) is a weedy shrub and is sometimes considered a pest in carefully managed northern forests. The fruits are similar to those of C . americana , except that the surrounding bracts are connate into a long, narrow, tubular beak. Vegetative individuals of C . cornuta subsp. cornuta can be distinguished from C . americana by the absence of glandular hairs on the petioles and young twigs."