Checklist » Iridaceae » Iris germanica
Last updated 12/27/2008 by David Giblin.
Iris germanica L.[FNA26, HC2]
bearded iris, German iris

Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 38. 1753.

Origin: Introduced from southern Europe

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: Recently collected in a floodplain in Cowlitz Co., a rare member of the flora long-persistent at abandoned plantings and homesteads, and also at garden dumps, spreading vegetatively. FNA points out that Iris germanica was derived from a natural hybrid between Iris pallida Lam. and Iris variegata L. In 1889 additional Mediterranean species were hybridized with I. germanica in gardens (Wister 1927; Henderson 1992), and those crosses have been called Iris √óconglomerata N. C. Hend. (Henderson 1993). It is possible the wild plants in Cowlitz Co. are I. √óconglomerata, not true I. germanica.


» Henderson, N. C. 1992. What is Iris germanica? Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 286: 6-11.
» Henderson, N. C. 1993. Iris √óconglomerata. Bull. Amer. Iris Soc. 290: 17-22.
» Wister, J. C. 1927. The Iris: A Treatise on the History, Development and Culture of the Iris for the Amateur Gardener. Orange Judd Publ. Co., London. 122 p.
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