Checklist » Papaveraceae » Papaver somniferum
Last updated 3/16/2009 by David Giblin.
Papaver somniferum L.[FNA3, HC, HC2]
opium poppy

Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 508. 1753.

Origin: Introduced from Eurasia

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: FNA3: "Unknown in the wild, Papaver somniferum probably came originally from southeastern Europe and/or southwestern Asia. It has been cultivated for centuries as the source of opium (and its modern derivatives heroin, morphine, and codeine), and also for edible seeds and oil. Various color forms with laciniate and/or doubled petals are grown for ornament. Widely introduced from cultivation and also as a crop weed, it should be expected elsewhere in the flora."


» Danert, S. 1958. Zur Systematik von Papaver somniferum L. Kulturpflanze 6: 61-88.
Synonyms & Misapplied Names: