Checklist » Salicaceae » Populus trichocarpa
Last updated 7/8/2020 by David Giblin.
Populus trichocarpa Torr. & A. Gray[FNA7, HC, HC2]
black cottonwood

Publication: Icon. Pl. 9: plate 878. 1852.

Origin: Native

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: FNA7: "In addition to hybridizing with other North American species of sect. Tacamahaca, Populus trichocarpa also hybridizes with both native species of sect. Aigeiros. Populus Ă—generosa A. Henry (synonym P. Ă—interamericana van Broekhuizen), a hybrid between P. trichocarpa and P. deltoides, is rare in the far western area of the range for P. deltoides subsp. monilifera, where it overlaps with the more drought-tolerant inland P. trichocarpa (Idaho, Montana, Washington, and Wyoming) (J. E. Eckenwalder 1984). This hybrid has also been grown artificially, and such hybrids between coastal P. trichocarpa and P. deltoides subsp. deltoides are becoming increasingly important plantation trees in the Pacific Northwest from northern Oregon to British Columbia, as well as in Europe. They are perhaps the fastest growing of all poplars in volume, with the rapid height growth of P. trichocarpa added to the steady diameter growth of P. deltoides (R. F. Stettler et al. 1988)."

References: (none)

Synonyms & Misapplied Names:
Populus balsamifera L., misapplied[FNA7, HC2]
Populus balsamifera L. ssp. trichocarpa (Torr. & A. Gray) Brayshaw[JPM, KZ99]
Populus balsamifera L. var. californica S. Watson
Populus trichocarpa Torr. & A. Gray ex Hook. var. cupulata S. Watson
Populus trichocarpa Torr. & A. Gray var. ingrata (Jeps.) Parish