Checklist » Polygonaceae » Rumex obtusifolius
Last updated 3/31/2009 by David Giblin.
Rumex obtusifolius L.[FNA5, HC, HC2]
bitter dock

Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 335. 1753.

Origin: Introduced

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: Introduced from Eurasia.

FNA5: "Rumex obtusifolius, a member of subsect. Obtusifolii Rechinger f. (K. H. Rechinger 1937), is a polymorphic species represented in Eurasia by three or four rather distinct races often treated by European authors as subspecies or varieties. These taxa differ mostly in inner tepal dentation and geographic distribution. In North America the morphotypes often intergrade. In Eurasia this species is differentiated into predominantly western subsp. obtusifolius [including R. obtusifolius subsp. agrestis (Fries) Danser], eastern subsp. sylvestris (Wallroth) Rechinger f., intermediate central European subsp. transiens (Simonkai) Rechinger f., and montane subsp. subalpinus (Schur) Simonkai. Only subspp. obtusifolius and sylvestris occur in North America; the former seems to be more common. Subspecies obtusifolius differs from subsp. sylvestris in having larger and more prominently dentate inner tepals with one tubercle, or with three distinctly unequal tubercles; in subsp. sylvestris the teeth are usually less than 0.6 mm, developing only near the base of the inner tepals, and the tubercles often almost subequal."

References: (none)

Synonyms & Misapplied Names:
Rumex crispatulus Michx.
Rumex rugelii Meisn.