Checklist » Sarraceniaceae » Sarracenia purpurea ssp. purpurea
Last updated 11/6/2009 by David Giblin.
Sarracenia purpurea L. ssp. purpurea[FNA8, HC2]
northern pitcher plant, purple pitcher plant

Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 510. 1753.

Origin: Introduced from eastern North America

selected vouchers: WTU

Notes: FNA8: "Subspecies purpurea is introduced in California and Washington, in Europe in the British Isles and Switzerland, and in Japan. It is widespread and variable, and its adaptability is evidenced by the kinds of wetland habitats in which it grows. It is widely grown for ornament and teaching purposes and is the subject of much research on microorganisms and invertebrates, especially Wyeomyia Theobald mosquito larvae that live in the pitcher fluid."


» Ellison, A. M., L. B. Hannah, T. E. Miller, and N. J. Gotelli. 2004. Morphological variation in Sarracenia purpurea (Sarraceniaceae): Geographic, environmental, and taxonomic correlates. Amer. J. Bot. 91: 1930-1935.
» Wherry, E. T. 1933. The geographic relations of Sarracenia purpurea. Bartonia 15: 1-6.
Synonyms & Misapplied Names:
Sarracenia purpurea L. ssp. gibbosa (Raf.) Wherry
Sarracenia purpurea L. var. ripicola B. Boivin
Sarracenia purpurea L. var. stolonifera Macfarl. & Steckbeck
Sarracenia purpurea L. var. terrae-novae LaPylaie