Publication: J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, ser. 2. 3: 103.
selected vouchers: WTU
Notes: FNA26: "N. Chiariello et al. (1980), using the snow-bank-emergent characteristics of Veratrum californicum, documented that the plants differing in open versus closed bud morphologies also have different leaf areas, internal temperatures, and rates of early expansion growth. These differences in life-history characteristics are inferentially similar to those of other alpine and northern Veratrum species."