Covers mushrooms and other non-lichenized fungi that form multicellular fruiting bodies large enough to be seen with the unaided eye.
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135 species, 5 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Index to genera:Macowanites
– cucumber cap, cucumber-scented mushroom
Distribution: Usually found in nutrient-rich soils among herbaceous plants in gardens and parks rather than in forests (although it can occur there, usually along trailsides).
Distribution: Northern hemisphere.
Habitat: Forests and woodlands.
Substrate: Leaf litter and woody debris on ground.
– horsehair fungus, horsehair parachute
– leaf parachute, white pinwheel
– fairy ring champignon, fairy ring mushroom
Distribution: The most common species in the PNW, M. oreades, occurs in many parts of the world in lawns, parks, pastures, and other grassy areas, where it often grows in arcs or circles known as fairy rings.
– velvet-cap Marasmius, pleated mushroom
– black veined false truffle
– spring cavalier, peach-gilled Melanoleuca
Spores: large spores (7.5--10 x 4.5--6.5 µm)
– common cavalier, changeable Melanoleuca, dark Melanoleuca
– red-gilled Agaricus, redspored dapperling
Habitat: Found in a variety of habitats including forests, green houses, and manure piles
– false eyelash cup, red saucer
– netted crust
Habitat: Downed branches of hardwood or brush piles
– swamp beacon, matchstick fungus
Habitat: Occurs on very wet plant litter or even on litter submerged in cold, shallow, running water.
– northwest landscape morel
– western half-free morel
– dog stinkhorn, dog's stinkhorn
– orange bonnet, coral spring Mycena
– coldfoot bonnet
Spores: ellipsoid spores (6--10 x 3.5--5.5 µm)
– golden edge bonnet
Distribution: Conifer forest along the Pacific Coast Known to be from Europe as well
Spores: ellipsoid, 7--9 x 4--5 µm, smooth and amyloid, and the cheilocystidia are club-shaped with numerous short projections, somewhat like a mace
– yellow-edged Mycena
Distribution: Wide variety of habitats, including under trees in forests and parks, among fallen leaves, in the midst of mosses, on rotting tree bark, and in city-dwellers’ lawns.
Spores: 8--12 x 4--5.5 µm
Habitat: Conifer needles
Spores: spores are medium-sized (7--10 x 3--5.5 µm)
Occurs widely in northern North America, Europe, and Asia, and numerous varieties
In the PNW, M. epipterygia occurs in small to somewhat larger groups in needle litter, or on twigs or wood.
8--11 x 5--6 µm and the cheilocystidia are club-shaped with short projections
– yellowleg bonnet, yellow-stemmed Mycena
– yellow-stemmed Mycena
– yellow-stemmed Mycena
– common bonnet, common Mycena, toque Mycena
– milking bonnet, milky Mycena
– burgundydrop bonnet, bleeding Mycena
Substrate: The fruitbodies grow in groups, often in loose clusters, on both hardwood and conifer logs and can get quite large (for a mycena).
Spores: spores are broadly ellipsoid, 7--12 x 4--7 µm
– reddish-spotted Mycena
Distribution: M. maculata grows in groups or clusters on wood of both hardwoods and conifers in North America and Europe, mostly on conifers in the PNW.
Spores: spores are ellipsoid, 7--10 x 4--6 µm, and, although not conspicuous, the cheilocystidia are of varied shape and often bear projections
Distribution: Also occurs in Europe.
Substrate: conifer litter under Douglas-fir and other conifers
– large Mycena
Distribution: M. overholtsii apparently is restricted to the mountains of western North America. M. overholtsii appears in the mountains in late spring to early summer on wet rotting stumps and logs recently exposed by, or still partially covered with, melting snow.
Spores: spores measure 5--8 x 3.5--4 µm, and the sometimes hard-to-see cheilocystidia are smooth, slender, and cylindrical or sometimes a bit club-shaped
– lilac bonnet, lilac Mycena
– bleeding bonnet, terrestrial bleeding Mycena
– flame Mycena, red-orange Mycena
Distribution: It occurs less commonly elsewhere in northern North America and also in Europe. M. strobilinoides seems to be most common at mid-elevations in the mountains, often in association with pines.
– burn site Mycena
Substrate: M. maura occurs on charred earth or burned wood under conifers or in fire pits, appearing from early summer late into fall.
Spores: white, smooth to roughened, and amyloid