Covers mushrooms and other non-lichenized fungi that form multicellular fruiting bodies large enough to be seen with the unaided eye.
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207 species, 23 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Index to genera:Labyrinthula
– western amethyst Laccaria
– bicoloured deceiver, two-colored Laccaria
– deceiver, common Laccaria, lackluster Laccaria
Distribution: Broad Broad
Spores: relatively broad (6--8 x 2.5--3.5 µm) spores
– stalked hairy fairy cup
– delicious milk-cap
Distribution: Broad North America and Europe
– velvety milk-cap
Habitat: Litter in spruce and mixed conifer forests along the coast and in the interior mountains
Habitat: Occurs with spruce and birch
– alder milkcap
Distribution: Western Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: Occurs with alders
Habitat: Conifer forests in PNW and Rocky Mountains
– pale-capped violet-latex milk-cap
– slimy milk-cap
Distribution: Broad Western North America
Habitat: L. pseudomucidus is frequently found in coastal and mid-elevation conifer forests, and eastward at least as far as Idaho and southward into California.
In the PNW, L. plumbeus occurs frequently under planted birch trees and often persists into late fall as dry black specimens. In Europe, it is reported from birch and spruce forests and also is known as L. necator (Bulliard: Fries) P. Karsten and L. turpis (Weinmann) Fries.
– bearded milk-cap, downy milk-cap, woolly milk-cap
– downy milk-cap, woolly milk-cap, bearded milkcap
– yellow staining bearded milk-cap, rollrim milkcap
– bleeding milk-cap
Habitat: It occurs in a variety of habitats and seems to associate primarily with pines and Douglas-fir, especially in younger stands.
– red hot milk-cap, red milk-cap, rufous milkcap
Habitat: L. rufus commonly occurs with spruce and pine, often in abundance, for example, near the edge of bogs or in other moist areas where Sitka spruce occurs. It is very common in northern conifer forests around the world.
– pitted milk-cap, scrobiculate milk-cap
Habitat: common in our conifer forests
– orange milk-cap
Habitat: Coastal conifer forests
– purple staining milk-cap
– chicken-of-the-woods, chicken mushroom, sulphur shelf
Habitat: living trees, logs, stumps, snags, and even utility poles.
– orange-capped bolete, red-capped scaber-stalk, aspen scaberstalk
– aspen bolete, aspen rough-stem, aspen scaber-stalk
Habitat: Associated with aspen
– madrone bolete, manzanita bolete, manzanita mushroom
Habitat: Associated with Arbutus and Arctostaphylos.
– brown birch-bolete, birch bolete, common scaber-stalk, birch scaberstalk
Habitat: Common in urban and suburban settings and less so in natural habitats. Occurs with birch.
– aniseed cockleshell, cockle-shell Lentinellus
Habitat: L. montanus is most common in higher elevation forests on conifer logs following snow-melt.
Spores: The spores are white, amyloid, and faintly ornamented.
– hairy Panus, ruddy Panus
Distribution: L. strigosus is a widely distributed species, occurring on logs and stumps of hardwoods whenever temperature and moisture conditions are suitable.
Spores: The spores are white, smooth, and non-amyloid
Distribution: Deciduous woodlands, rarely on conifers. Northern North America.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands and mixed forests.
Substrate: Dead hardwoods, rarely on conifers.
– slippery cap, jelly-babies, common jelly-baby, ochre jelly-club, jellybaby, slippery Leotia
– shield dapperling, shaggy-stalked parasol
– crested dapperling, stinking dapperling, brown-eyed parasol, stinking parasol
– blue-toothed Leptonia, blue-edge pinkgill
– Oregon black truffle
Spores: The spores are smooth and very large (up to 100 μm long)
– gray parasol
Substrate: Sandy or loamy soils
– white dapperling, smooth parasol, woman-on-motorcycle
Habitat: It is a widespread mushroom that occurs mostly in grassy areas, gardens, and other human-influenced habitats, but also occasionally in forests.
– red-eyed parasol, red-tinged parasol
Habitat: Very common and conspicuous in coastal and lower elevation forests.
– plantpot dapperling, flower pot parasol, yellow parasol
– skullcap dapperling
Spores: Most abundant in summer
Habitat: Compost piles, potted plants
– large white Leucopaxillus
Distribution: Widespread, though uncommon
– bitter brown Leucopaxillus
– white jellied false truffle
– dwarf puffball, small tumbling puffball
– smooth puffball, soft puffball
– dark puffball, dusky puffball
Habitat: Conifer forests and alpine habitats
– warted puff-ball, gem puffball, gem-studded puffball, devil's snuffbox
Habitat: L. perlatum can be found in disturbed sites, such as forest roadsides, from late summer through fall whenever there is sufficient moisture.
– pear puffball, pear-shaped puffball, stump puffball
– fried chicken mushroom
Distribution: Occurs in large dense clusters and is rather common, occurring primarily in disturbed areas such as campgrounds and along roadsides and trailsides in conifer forests.
Spores: broadly ellipsoid to nearly globose, 5--7 x 5--6.5 µm
Spores: narrowly ellipsoid spores, 6.5--9 x 3--4.5 µm