0 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
– purple club coral, purple coral
Description: Smooth to wrinkled, tubular or slightly flattened, unbranched fruit bodies with pointed tips. They normally grow gregariously in clusters or dense troops. They are typically deep or dull purple, fading to purplish gray or brown.
– powdery piggyback, powder-cap, star-bearing powdercap
Habitat: alpine and artic environments
Substrate: moist moss on soil and rocks
Spores: Late summer and fall
– small staghorn
Description: Calocera cornea is a wood-inhabiting jelly-fungus. Its growth in large troops on rotting logs and small size set it apart from the other club-fungi. Microscopically, its spores are divided by a crosswall and are produced on basidia that are shaped like tuning forks or wishbones. It occurs throughout much of the world. C. viscosa is closely related, but is brighter in color, coralloid, and occurs on conifer wood.
Habitat: Occurs on conifer wood
Substrate: Stumps, dead and fallen branches, and logs, in troops
– pointed club
Description: Clavaria acuta is a small pure white terrestrial club that grows as scattered individuals or fused pairs or trios. Often the clubs exhibit a translucent stipe with a whiter upper fertile portion.
Habitat: Clavaria acuta usually occurs on bare soil in somewhat disturbed areas.
– white spindles
Description: Clavaria fragilis produces smooth, tubular or slightly flattened, unbranched fruitbodies with pointed tips. they normally grow gregariously in large clusters. As the common name indicates, they are white, sometimes yellowing or browning at the tips when old.
Habitat: grassland and wodland
Substrate: moss and grass or leaf litter
– smoky clavaria, smoky spindles
– rosy club coral, rose spindles
Description: Clavaria rosea oriduces smooth, tubular or flattened, unbranched fruitbodies that have pointed tips and an indistinct stem. The are bright rose-pink, paler or whitish toward the base. The flesh is hollow and very fragile.
Habitat: grassland or woodlands
Substrate: moss and grass or leaf litter
Description: Clavaria vermicularis is very similar to C. actua (microscopically nearly identical) and more common; it too grows on soil, but in dense clusters of usually larger clubs. Its species name comes from the Latin for “worm”.
– strap coral, strap-shaped coral
Description: Clavariadelphus ligula is indistinguishable from C. sachalinensis in the field, differing primarily by its shorter spores (12–165 × 35–45 vs 18–24 × 4–6 µm) Because intermediates often can be found, it could be that only one species is involved, in which case the name C. ligula would have priority.
Description: Clvariadelphus occidentalis is a similar to C. pistillaris, but paler and usually associating with conifers.
– strap-shaped pestle
Description: Clavariadelphus sachalinensis is one of several small slender members of the genus that are characterized by fruiting from a dense mycelial mat that permeates and binds the substrate and by having narrowly ellipsoid or sway-backed spores. All are initially pale yellow and become pinkish cinnamon to ochraceous cinnamon as they age. The entire upper portion of the club is covered with fertile tissue.
Distribution: Widespread in western and northern North America.
Habitat: Often these species can be found in large troops under conifers.
– flat-top coral, flat-topped coral, truncate club coral
Description: The species of Clavariadelphus can usually be told from the other clubs by their larger size, stockier stature, and characteristic ocher to yellow-orange color. C. truncatus produces rather large fruitbodies with a wide flattened cap, which makes it look something like a chanterelle, especially when the fertile surface, which runs down the upper portion beneath the “cap,” is wrinkled. C. truncatus is edible, with a rather sweet taste.
Distribution: Broad throughout the Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: Occurs with conifers
– ergot, spurred rye
Description: Claviceps purpurea produces miniature, ocher to reddish brow, drumstick-like "fruitbodies," the heads of which are actually sterile stroma in which the true fruitbodies are immersed. These fruitbodies arise from banana-shaped, purplish black sclerotia- propagules that formed in the ears of grain, were shed, and have overwintered on the ground.
Substrate: grass, especially rye
– handsome club, golden fairy-club
Distribution: A widespread species, occurring across North America and in Europe and parts of Asia.
– common Cudonia
Distribution: Widespread in North America, Europe, and Asia.
Distribution: It is widespread, but not particularly common.
Substrate: C. clavus occurs in spring and early summer on very wet plant debris, such as cones and twigs, often at least partly submerged in running water.
– headlike Cordyceps, truffle-eater
– goldenthread Cordyceps, snaketongue truffleclub
– miniature earth-tongue, fir-needle Mitrula
Habitat: Occurs in scattered groups on conifer needles.
– slippery cap, jelly-babies, common jelly-baby, ochre jelly-club, jellybaby, slippery Leotia
– swamp beacon, matchstick fungus
Habitat: Occurs on very wet plant litter or even on litter submerged in cold, shallow, running water.
– dog stinkhorn, dog's stinkhorn
Substrate: The two most common species are O. corvina, which occurs on owl pellets, bird carcasses, hair, and wool, and O. equina (Willdenow) Persoon: Fries, found on the decaying horns and hooves of cattle and sheep.
– mountain-loving Cudonia
– yellow earthtongue, fairy fan, spatula fungus
Distribution: As far as we are aware, S. humphreyi has been reported only from the west side of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington and the Queen Charlotte Islands in B.C. It probably also occurs in southeast Alaska and coastal Oregon and northern California; whether it occurs farther inland is less certain.
– Round-headed truffle-club
Distribution: North America
Habitat: Coniferous forests.
Substrate: Soil (underground truffles)
– hairy earth-tongue, shaggy earth-tongue, velvety earth-tongue, velvety-black earth-tongue
– variable hairy earth tongue
– redleg club
– water club, aquatic earth-tongue
Habitat: Can be found on rotting pieces of wood that are very wet or submerged in cold water.
– carbon-antlers, candlesnuff fungus, stag's-horn
Habitat: Occurs on rotting wood.