Vascular Plants

Includes all flowering plants, conifers, ferns and fern-allies.

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Common names beginning with K:
66 common names
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Milk kelloggia (Kelloggia galioides)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Forest openings, from middle elevations in the mountains to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Kenilworth-ivy (Cymbalaria muralis)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, scattered eastward across North America to the Atlantic Coast where more broadly distributed.
Habitat: Roadsides, retaining walls, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low elevation.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-October
Kindlingweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae)
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington, chiefly in southeastern part of state; Alberta to Manitoba, south to California and Texas.
Habitat: Dry, open places in the foothills, valleys and plains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Yellow king devil (Hieracium caespitosum)
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming; also occurring throughout eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist pastures, forest openings, roadsides, and springs, from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains, usually where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
King's-cureall (Oenothera biennis)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Meadows and stream banks, from the plains to the lower mountains, typically where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Kinnikinnik (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California east to the Rocky Mountains, also further east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast; circumboreal.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and prairies, rocky balds, dry subalpine meadows, and dry coniferous forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Feather-leaf kittentails (Veronica dissecta)
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; Idaho and Montana to Utah, disjunct in Washington.
Habitat: Stony, subalpine to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Fringe-petal kittentails (Veronica schizantha)
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympics and Cascades mountains foothills of western Washington; Washington to Oregon.
Habitat: Moist ground at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Fringed kittentails (Veronica schizantha)
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympics and Cascades mountains foothills of western Washington; Washington to Oregon.
Habitat: Moist ground at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Red kittentails (Veronica rubra)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Oregon, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Open slopes and dry meadows in the lowlands and foothills.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Round-leaved kittentails (Veronica regina-nivalis)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Forest understory at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Tailed kittentails (Veronica missurica)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Moist forest slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Black knapweed (Centaurea nigra)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, also Great Lakes region east to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-September
Brown knapweed (Centaurea jacea)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, also from the Great Lakes region east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, shores, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Brownray knapweed (Centaurea jacea)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, also from the Great Lakes region east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, shores, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Creeping knapweed (Rhaponticum repens)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed dry slopes, meadows, fields, forest openings, and other disturbed, open places from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from central Asia
Flowers: June-September
Diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east across much of the U.S. and Canada to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas; noxious.
Origin: Introduced from the eastern Mediterranean region
Flowers: July-September
Featherhead knapweed (Centaurea trichocephala)
Origin: Introduced
Globe knapweed (Centaurea macrocephala)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; central Washington to Montana, also in Colorado, and Great Lakes region to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and meadows.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-September
Hybrid diffuse knapweed (Centaurea ×varnensis)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Hybrid knapweed (Centaurea ×gerstlaueri)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Iberian knapweed (Centaurea iberica)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, also in Wyoming and Kansas.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, dry meadows, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-August
Lesser knapweed (Centaurea nigra)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, also Great Lakes region east to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-September
Meadow knapweed (Centaurea ×gerstlaueri)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Protean knapweed (Centaurea ×gerstlaueri)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Russian knapweed (Rhaponticum repens)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed dry slopes, meadows, fields, forest openings, and other disturbed, open places from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from central Asia
Flowers: June-September
Sand knapweed (Centaurea ×varnensis)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Short fringed knapweed (Centaurea nigrescens)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Wyoming, also from Great Lakes region east to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-September
Spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Forest openings, meadows, fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-October
Tumble knapweed (Centaurea diffusa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east across much of the U.S. and Canada to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas; noxious.
Origin: Introduced from the eastern Mediterranean region
Flowers: July-September
Tyrol knapweed (Centaurea nigrescens)
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Wyoming, also from Great Lakes region east to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: July-September
White knapweed (Centaurea diffusa)
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east across much of the U.S. and Canada to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas; noxious.
Origin: Introduced from the eastern Mediterranean region
Flowers: July-September
Annual knawel (Scleranthus annuus)
Distribution: Occasional introductions throughout the Pacific Northwest
Habitat: Disturbed soils, waste lots, cultivated areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-July
Doubtful knight's-spur (Delphinium ajacis)
Distribution: Limited in distribution to a few localities west of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Drainage ditches, roadsides, old home sites, waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-July
Knoke's lomatium (Lomatium knokei)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to Kittitas County.
Habitat: Open, vernally wet, gently sloping meadows of fine-textured clay soils at approximately 1200 meters.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Knotgrass (Paspalum distichum)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly along the lower Columbia River corridor in Washington; occurring in most of western North America and the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Along ditches and streams where the soil is moist much of the season.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
Austin's knotweed (Polygonum austiniae)
Distribution: Central Oregon to northeast California, east to Idaho and southcentral Montana.
Habitat: Dry to moist banks and flats, from sagebrush plains to lower mountains, often with ponderosa pine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Beach knotweed (Polygonum paronychia)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the coast; Vancouver Island, B.C., south to Monterey, California.
Habitat: Coastal shorelines and sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-September
Black knotweed (Polygonum paronychia)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the coast; Vancouver Island, B.C., south to Monterey, California.
Habitat: Coastal shorelines and sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-September
Blake's knotweed (Polygonum achoreum)
Origin: Native
Bohemian knotweed (Fallopia ×bohemica)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Montana, and in scattered locations across North America.
Habitat: Riparian zones, roadsides, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas generally at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: July-October
California knotweed (Polygonum californicum)
Distribution: Occurring in the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; south-central Washington to California.
Habitat: Dry rocky slopes, gravelly ground at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Davis' knotweed (Aconogonon davisiae)
Distribution: Cascades and Olympic mountains of Wahington, south to California, east to Idaho and western Montana.
Habitat: Slopes and ridges in the subalpine and alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Davis's knotweed (Aconogonon davisiae)
Distribution: Cascades and Olympic mountains of Wahington, south to California, east to Idaho and western Montana.
Habitat: Slopes and ridges in the subalpine and alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Dotted knotweed (Persicaria punctata)
Distribution: Occurring mostly in south-central Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Lake and pond shores, marshes, and wet forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Douglas' knotweed (Polygonum douglasii)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout most of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and across northern U.S./southern Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Common in dry to moist areas, lowlands to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Douglas's knotweed (Polygonum douglasii)
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout most of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and across northern U.S./southern Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Common in dry to moist areas, lowlands to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Erect knotweed (Polygonum erectum)
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - September
Fall knotweed (Polygonum spergulariiforme)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Balds, prairies, and headlands in gravelly, sandy or heavy, dry or moist soil at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Fowler's knotweed (Polygonum fowleri)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to California, east across northern Canada to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Coastal salt marshes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-November
Garden knotweed (Persicaria wallichii)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Waste areas, roadsides, and other disturbed areas where often where somewhat moist.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: July-October
Giant knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Riparian zones, roadsides, meadows, ditches, and other disturbed areas generally at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: July-September
Himalayan knotweed (Persicaria wallichii)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Waste areas, roadsides, and other disturbed areas where often where somewhat moist.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: July-October
Hybrid knotweed (Fallopia ×bohemica)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Montana, and in scattered locations across North America.
Habitat: Riparian zones, roadsides, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas generally at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: July-October
Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Riparian zones, roadsides, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: June-September
Leafy dwarf knotweed (Polygonum minimum)
Distribution: British Columbia south in the Cascades and higher coastal mountains to the southern Sierra Navada, east in the Rockies from Montana to Colorado.
Habitat: Open or semi-barren soil in the alpine and subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
Nuttall's knotweed (Polygonum nuttallii)
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon
Habitat: Prairies, grassy balds, and forest openings at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Palouse knotweed (Polygonum majus)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry, often semi-barren, gravelly to heavy soil, sagebrush desert to lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Parry's knotweed (Polygonum parryi)
Distribution: Occurring in the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; south-central Washington to California.
Habitat: Vernal pools, seasonally damp ground at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Prickly knotweed (Polygonum parryi)
Distribution: Occurring in the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; south-central Washington to California.
Habitat: Vernal pools, seasonally damp ground at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Spurry knotweed (Polygonum spergulariiforme)
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Balds, prairies, and headlands in gravelly, sandy or heavy, dry or moist soil at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Wiry knotweed (Polygonum majus)
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry, often semi-barren, gravelly to heavy soil, sagebrush desert to lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Zigzag knotweed (Polygonum minimum)
Distribution: British Columbia south in the Cascades and higher coastal mountains to the southern Sierra Navada, east in the Rockies from Montana to Colorado.
Habitat: Open or semi-barren soil in the alpine and subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
Bellard's kobresia (Kobresia myosuroides)
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Kruhsea (Streptopus streptopoides)
Origin: Native
Kudzu (Pueraria montana)
Distribution: Not currently known to occur in Washington; also reported for Oregon, otherwise widespread in eastern North America, especially southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed, open areas and forest edge.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June