Vascular Plants

Includes all flowering plants, conifers, ferns and fern-allies.


Browse by scientific name:

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Scientific names beginning with H:
Hackelia americananodding stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central and northeastern Washington; circumboreal, south to northern Washington, east across northern Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Thickets and open woodland.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual, Biennial
Hackelia ciliataOkanogan stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in eastern Washington; south-central British Columbia to eastern Washington, possibly northwestern Idaho.
Habitat: Dry, open slopes and flats in areas with sagebrush or ponderosa pine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hackelia cinereagray stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central and eastern Washington; central Washington to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Open or lightly forested areas, especially on talus or cliffs, and loose stream banks, in valleys and foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hackelia diffusadiffuse stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Cliffs and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. arida – sagebrush stickseed, steppe stickseed
var. cottonii – Cotton's stickseed
var. diffusa – diffuse stickseed
Hackelia floribundamany-flowered stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Thickets, meadows, stream banks and other moist places, from low elevations to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Hackelia hispidahispid stickseed, rough stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central and southeastern Washington; central Washington, and southeastern Washington, northeastern Oregon, and adjacent western Idaho.
Habitat: Cliffs and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. disjuncta – sagebrush stickseed
var. hispida – rough stickseed
Hackelia micranthameadow forget-me-not, blue stickseed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist, open hillsides seasonally wet forest openings, and riparian corridors from montane to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hackelia tayloriiTaylor's stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington, where endemic to Chelan County.
Habitat: Dry, open slopes, often in talus, at middle to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hackelia venustalesser showy stickseed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington, where endemic to Chelan County.
Habitat: Rocky slopes with ponderosa pine, at about 1000 feet elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Halerpestes cymbalariaalkali buttercup, seaside buttercup
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America except southern and southeastern regions of U.S.
Habitat: Ditches, marshes and muddy meadowlands, often where saline or alkaline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Halogeton glomeratushalogeton, saltlover
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July - September
Growth Duration: Annual
Harrimanella stellerianaAlaska bell-heather, Alaska bellheather, alpine heather, Alaskan moss-heather, Alaskan mountain-heather
Distribution: Alaska to the high Cascades of Washington
Habitat: Rocky slopes and seeps, alpine to subalpine
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hedera colchica
Origin: Introduced
Hedera helixcommon ivy, English ivy
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, widespread elsewhere in North America.
Habitat: Wooded areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hedera hibernicaAtlantic ivy
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, east in the Columbia River Gorge.
Habitat: Lowland forest, often where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hedysarum occidentalewestern sweet-vetch
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, Idaho and Utah, east to Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Alpine and subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. occidentale – western sweet-vetch
Hedysarum sulphurescensyellow sweet-vetch
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central and northeastern Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming, also reported from northeastern Oregon.
Habitat: Open forested areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Helenium autumnalecommon sneezeweed, large flowered sneezeweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Stream banks and other moist, low ground generally at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Helianthella unifloraRocky Mountain helianthella
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon and Nevada, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry, open woods and meadows from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. douglasii – Douglas helianthella, false sunflower
Helianthus annuuscommon sunflower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, wastelots, and other open areas, often where disturbed, at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native and introduced populations in Washington
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Helianthus ciliarisblueweed
Distribution: Known historically from east of the Cascades crest in Yakima County, where presumably eliminated by herbicide treatment due to it being a noxious weed; California, east across the southwestern U.S. to the southern Great Plains and Illinois.
Habitat: Disturbed, open ground in sagebrush.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Helianthus cusickiiCusick's sunflower, turniproot sunflower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Sagebrush, grasslands, dry slopes, and other open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Helianthus nuttalliiNuttall's sunflower
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades: Western and Mid-western United States and adjacent Canada
Habitat: Meadows and other moist places, low to moderate elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - September
Growth Duration: Perennial
ssp. nuttallii – cordilleran sunflower, Nuttall's sunflower
Helianthus petiolarisprairie sunflower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Dry, open areas, often where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from the Great Plains
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual
ssp. petiolaris – prairie sunflower
Helianthus tuberosusJerusalem artichoke
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; .Washington, east to the Rocky Mountains, native from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed areas, where escaping from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from central and eastern North America
Flowers: August-October
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heliotropium curassavicumsalt heliotrope, seaside heliotrope
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to tropical America.
Habitat: Saline places at low evelevations, often in the beds of dried ponds.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Helleborus foetidusstinking hellebore
Distribution: Currently only known from lowland western Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed sites near urban or suburban areas, where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: February-April
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hemieva ranunculifoliabuttercup-leaf mock brookfoam
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to northern California, east to Alberta and Montana.
Habitat: Foothills to subalpine slopes, on wet, mossy rocks, often where dry by mid-summer.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hemitomes congestumconeplant, gnome-plant
Distribution: West of the Cascades in Washington; Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia south to Monterey County, California.
Habitat: Rich humus in damp coniferous forests at mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hemizonella minimasmallhead tarplant, least tarweed, small-head tarweed, smallhead tarweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry, open areas in sagebrush, grasslands, and ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Heracleum mantegazzianumgiant hogweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the Puget Trough lowlands in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Oregon, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas often associated with residential development; Class A noxious weed.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heracleum maximumAmerican cow-parsnip, American hogweed
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America except in the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Moist areas, including meadows and forest edge from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Herniaria hirsutahairy rupturewort
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California and Arizona, also in scattered locations in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed sandy flats, roadsides, and woodlands at low elevation.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and northern Africa
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
var. cinerea – hairy rupturewort
Hesperis matronalismother-of-the-evening, dame's rocket
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, disturbed forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas where escaping from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Hesperochiron californicusCalifornia hesperochiron, California monkey-fiddle
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to western MT, WY, and UT.
Habitat: Mostly in more or less alkaline meadows and flats, in plains, foothills and valleys
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hesperochiron pumilussmall hesperochiron, small monkey-fiddle
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascade crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Meadows and moist, open slopes from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hesperostipa comataneedle-and-thread
Distribution: British Columbia south on the east side of the Cascades to California, east to Ontario and Texas.
Habitat: Plains and prairies to forested areas in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Growth Duration: Perennial
ssp. comata – needle and thread
ssp. intermedia – Tweedy's needlegrass
Heteranthera dubiagrassleaf mud-plantain, water stargrass, yellow stargrass
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest along major rivers in Washington, however particularly common and rather invasives in lower Yakima River; British Columbia to California, widespread in eastern North America.
Habitat: River backwaters, slow-moving rivers, quiet streams, ponds and lakes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heterocodon rarifloruswestern pearlflower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Moist, open places in the foothills and valleys to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Heterotheca oregonaOregon goldenaster
Distribution: British Columbia to California, east base of the Cascades to the coast.
Habitat: Sand and gravel bars along rivers, low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-Sept.
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heterotheca villosahairy goldaster
Distribution: Widespread in Washington and Oregon, chiefly east of the Cascades; east to Michigan
Habitat: Open, sunny areas, often in sandy soil, low to moderate elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. foliosa – leafy goldenaster
var. minor – hairy goldenaster, hispid goldenaster
var. villosa – hairy goldaster, hairy goldenaster
Heuchera chloranthagreen-flowered alumroot, meadow alumroot, tall alumroot
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to southern Oregon.
Habitat: Gravelly prairies and wooded hillsides.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heuchera cylindricalava alumroot, poker alumroot, roundleaf alumroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Alberta, Wyoming, and Nevada.
Habitat: Rocky soil, cliffs and talus slopes, foothills to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heuchera glabraalpine alumroot, smooth alumroot
Distribution: Occurring in the mountainous areas in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Alberta.
Habitat: Streambanks and moist rocks, from the coast to above timberline
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Heuchera grossulariifoliagooseberry-leaved alumroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the Columbia River Gorge in south-central Washington; Columbia River Gorge to Nevada, east to Idaho and western Montana.
Habitat: Grassy canyons and rocky canyon walls to alpine scree and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. grossulariifolia – gooseberry-leaved alumroot
var. tenuifolia – gooseberry-leaved alumroot
Heuchera micranthacrevice alumroot, small-flowered alumroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Gravelly stream banks, rock crevices, grassy balds, and talus slopes, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. diversifolia – small-flowered alumroot
var. hartwegii – Hartweg's small-flowered alumroot
var. micrantha – small-flowered alumroot
Hieracium albiflorumwhite hawkweed, white-flowered hawkweed
Distribution: Widely distributed in forested areas on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and eastern Canada.
Habitat: Open woods from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium aurantiacumorange hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across southern Canada and northern U.S; widely distributed throughout eastern U.S.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, meadows, pastures, forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium caespitosummeadow hawkweed, yellow king devil
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming; also occurring throughout eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist pastures, forest openings, roadsides, and springs, from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains, usually where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium flagellarewhip hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to Idaho; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, dry meadows, railroads, and other disturbed, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium ×floribundumflowery hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations in lowland western Washington; Washington east to Montana and Wyoming; eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium glomeratumyellow devil hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington.
Habitat: Open forest, meadows, disturbed ground, roadsides, stream banks, and gravel pits generally at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium lachenaliicommon hawkweed, English hawkweed, European hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to northern Oregon; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Open forest, fields, shores, wastelots, and other disturbed areas generally at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium longiberbelong-bearded hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; south-central Washington to adjacent north-central Oregon; endemic to the Columbia River Gorge.
Habitat: Dry rocky slopes and ledges.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium murorumwall hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to northern Oregon.
Habitat: Roadsides, open forest, railroads, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium pilosellamouse-ear hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon; also in northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, dry prairies, quarries, lawns, railroads, and other disturbed, open sites.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium piloselloidestall hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to northeastern Oregon.
Habitat: Roadsides, meadows, forest openings, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium sabaudumsavoy hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Washington; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, sandy fields, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium scoulerihound-tongue hawkweed, Scouler's hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: Mostly dry places in open woods, from foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium ×stoloniflorumforked hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; no other reports from North America.
Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, ditches, and other disturbed areas, where escaping from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium tristealpine hawkweed, slender hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains of Canada and the U.S.
Habitat: Meadows and other open places in the mountains, usually at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hieracium umbellatumnarrowleaf hawkweed, umbellate hawkweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Alaska to northwestern Oregon, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast; circumboreal.
Habitat: Moist places in thickets and open woods.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hierochloe occidentalisCalifornia sweet grass, California sweetgrass
Origin: Native
Hierochloe odoratahairy sweetgrass, vanillagrass
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations across Washington; Alaska south to Washington, east across the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Wet meadows and marshes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hippuris montanamountain mare's-tail
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to Washington, east to Northwest Territories and Alberta.
Habitat: Wet meadows, streams and mossy banks in the moungtains
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hippuris vulgariscommon mare's-tail
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to south California and New Mexico, east through southern Canada and the northern states to Maine.
Habitat: Streams, ponds and shallow lakes, generally at least partially emerged.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hirschfeldia incanaMediterranean hoary mustard, short-podded mustard, summer mustard
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Disturbed, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-October
Growth Duration: Annual, Biennial
Holcus lanatuscommon velvet grass
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Alaska to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Balds, prairies, roadsides, meadows, lawns, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Holcus molliscreeping softgrass, creeping velvet-grass
Origin: Introduced
ssp. mollis – creeping velvet grass
Holodiscus discolorcreambush ocean-spray, hillside ocean-spray
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Texas.
Habitat: Gravelly soil in open, dry to moist woods, coastal bluffs to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. discolor – ocean-spray
Holosteum umbellatumjagged-chickweed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed, open areas in sagebrush desert, roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: Annual
ssp. umbellatum – jagged chickweed
Honckenya peploidessea purslane, seabeach sandwort
Distribution: Occuring west of the Cascades crest in the coastal counties in Washington; Alaska to northern Oregon, east across Canada to coastal northeastern North America; Greenland and arctic Eurasia.
Habitat: Coastal beaches, strands, and sand dunes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
ssp. major – sea purslane, seabeach sandwort
Hordeum brachyantherummeadow barley
Distribution: Alaska south to California, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Ocean beaches to mountain meadows,usually where moist, but also from dry sagebrush desert to rocky ridges.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Growth Duration: Perennial
ssp. brachyantherum – meadow barley
Hordeum depressumdwarf barley
Distribution: Introduced from Vancouver Island, British Columbia, south on both sides of the Cascades to southern California, east to western Idaho.
Habitat: A weed of waste areas, especially where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Growth Duration: Annual
Hordeum jubatumfoxtail barley
Distribution: Alaska south on both sides of the Cascades to California, east across Canada to the Atlantic Coast, south to Mexico.
Habitat: Common weed of dry to moist soil, from sagebrush desert to grasslands and mountain forests, often abundent in disturbed areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - August
Growth Duration: Perennial
ssp. jubatum – foxtail barley
Hordeum marinumMediterranean barley
Origin: Introduced
Growth Duration: Annual
ssp. gussoneanum – Mediterranean barley
Hordeum murinummouse barley, smooth barley, wall barley
Distribution: Uncommon weed in the United States, occasional in southern British Columbia and western Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed soil and wasteland.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June - July
Growth Duration: Annual
ssp. glaucum – mouse barley
ssp. leporinum – mouse barley
ssp. murinum – mouse barley
Hordeum pusillumlittle barley
Distribution: Eastern Washington south to southern California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Grasslands to desert areas, often on saline soils and wasteland.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - June
Growth Duration: Annual
Hordeum vulgarebarley
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Old fields, wasteland, roadsides, and other disturbed areas where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
ssp. vulgare – common barley
Horkelia fuscahorkelia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Damp meadows to open forest and rocky slopes at middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. capitata – horkelia
Hornungia procumbenshutchinsia, prostrate hutchinsia, ovalpurse
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, central Canada, and Newfoundland.
Habitat: Open areas where seasonally moist.
Origin: Introduced from Europe, North Africa, and Asia
Flowers: March-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Hosackia crassifoliabig deervetch
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Moist woods and along streams, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. crassifolia – big deervetch
Hosackia gracilisseaside bird's-foot-trefoil
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: On moist soil, from near sea level to lower elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hosackia pinnatameadow bird's-foot-trefoil, meadow deervetch
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington, but also in far eastern Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, also in western Idaho.
Habitat: Moist areas and wetlands, lowland to montane.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hosackia rosearosy bird's-foot-trefoil
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Moist woods and along streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Howellia aquatiliswater Howellwort
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Washington south to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: In ponds and lakes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Annual
Hulsea nanadwarf alpinegold, dwarf hulsea
Distribution: Known from the Mt. Rainier and Mt. Adams area in Washington; Washington south to California.
Habitat: Generally around volcanic mountains above timberline.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Humulus lupulus
Distribution: Occasionally escaping from cultivation, but rarely becoming established in Washington; occasionally escaped from cultivation in many areas in North America.
Habitat: Waste ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. neomexicanus – hops
Huperzia continentalisalpine firmoss
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Washington, east to Colorado.
Habitat: Subalpine and alpine meadows, heath, and rocky slopes. Usually at high elevations.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Perennial
Huperzia miyoshianafir clubmoss
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to northwest Oregon, east to Idaho and western Montana; also in eastern Asia.
Habitat: Moist, brushy talus slopes, edges of coniferous forests, or mossy rocks, from middle elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Perennial
Huperzia occidentaliswestern clubmoss
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades Range and Olympic Mountains in Washington; southeastern Alaska to Oregon, east to western Montana.
Habitat: In shaded conifer forest, usually where moist such as along streams and in depressions; rooted on decaying logs, duff, or soil. Low to mid elevations.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hyacinthoides ×massartianacommon bluebell, garden bluebell, hybrid bluebell
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon.
Habitat: Meadows, fields, grassy balds, and other open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaEnglish bluebells
Origin: Introduced
Hydrilla verticillatahydrilla, water-thyme
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington, where known only from King County; Washington, California, and in the southern and eastern U.S.
Habitat: Ponds, lakes, and slow-moving streams at low elevation.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hydrocharis morsus-ranaeEuropean frog-bit
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington, where known from Snohomish County; Washington and Quebec, Canada.
Habitat: Ponds and lakes at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hydrocotyle ranunculoidesfloating marsh-pennywort
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, east to the Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Marshes, ponds and wet ground.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hydrophyllum capitatumwool breeches, ballhead waterleaf
Distribution: Occurring mostly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist, open slopes and woodlands, foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. capitatum – wool breeches, ballhead waterleaf
var. thompsonii – Thompson's wool breeches, Thompson's ballhead waterleaf
Hydrophyllum fendleriFendler's waterleaf
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Utah.
Habitat: Thickets and moist open places, from lowlands to mid elevations in mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. albifrons – Fendler's waterleaf
var. fendleri – Fendler's waterleaf
Hydrophyllum tenuipesPacific waterleaf
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge at low elevations, often where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hymenopappus filifoliusColumbia cut-leaf, fineleaf hymenopappus
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington south to California, east to the Great Plains of Canada and the U.S.
Habitat: Dry, often sandy places in the foothills and plains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. filifolius – Columbia cutleaf
Hymenophyllum wrightiiWright's filmy fern
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southeastern Alaska to northwestern Washington; also in eastern Asia.
Habitat: Gametophytes on wet rock or epiphytic on bark and decaying wood of large conifers.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Hyoscyamus nigerhog's bean, black henbane
Distribution: Scattered localities on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout uNorth America from Alberta to Nevada, east to central and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste places.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: Annual
Hypericum anagalloidesbog John's-wort, creeping St. John's-wort, tinker's penny
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia south to Baja California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Moist ground, from the coast to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypericum androsaemumtutsan
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypericum borealenorthern St. John's-wort
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypericum calycinumAaron's beard, great St. John's-wort
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, cliffs, embankments, fields, parks, forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Turkey and Bulgaria
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypericum canadenseCanadian St. John's-wort
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Hypericum ellipticumpale St. John's-wort
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Hypericum maculatumspotted St. John's-wort, streaked St. John's-wort
Origin: Introduced
ssp. obtusiusculum – dotted John's-wort, imperforate St. John's-wort
Hypericum majusgreater Canadian St. John's-wort
Distribution: Occurring in localities throughout Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to the Atlantic Coast of North America.
Habitat: Wet ground.
Origin: Both native and introduced from eastern North America
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: Annual
Hypericum mutilumdwarf St. John's-wort
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Growth Duration: Annual, Perennial
Hypericum perforatumcommon St. John's-wort, Klamath weed
Distribution: Widespread on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widespread throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Noxious weed of fields, meadows, roadsides, forest edge, wastelots, and other disturbed areas from the lowlands to near subalpine.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypericum scouleriNorton's St. John's-wort, Scouler's St. John's-wort, western John's-wort
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist places from along the coast to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypericum tetrapterumsquare-stalked St. John's Wort
Distribution: Introduced occasionally in western Washington.
Habitat: Damp wasteland.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: July - September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Hypochaeris glabrasmooth cat's-ear
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, also from Texas to the northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Roadsides, rocky balds, meadows, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low elevations, often where sandy.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: Annual
Hypochaeris radicatahairy cat's-ear, rough cat's-ear
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and further east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, grassy balds, prairies, grasslands, lawns, and roadsides.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-October
Growth Duration: Perennial