Vascular Plants

Includes all flowering plants, conifers, ferns and fern-allies.


Browse by scientific name:

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Scientific names beginning with B:
Baccharis pilularischaparral broom, coyote brush
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in southern Washington; Washington to California, also in New Mexico.
Habitat: Coastal dunes, bluffs, and thickets.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-September
ssp. consanguinea – chaparral broom
Bacopa rotundifoliadisk water-hyssop, round-leaved water-hyssop
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in south-central Washington; south-central Washington to California (but not in Oregon), east to the Rocky Mountains, native to central and eastern North America.
Habitat: mudfalts, mud-bottomed pools, backchannels, and other slow-moving water of streams and rivers.
Origin: Introduced from central North America
Flowers: July-September
Ballota nigra
Distribution: Lowland areas west of the Cascades in Washington; currently only known from Washington.
Habitat: Disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-October
ssp. foetida – black horehound
Balsamorhiza ×bonserihybrid balsamroot
Distribution: Local in eastern Washington where Balsamorhiza rosea is found
Habitat: Dry, rocky slopes at low elevation
Origin: Native
Balsamorhiza careyanaCarey's balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to central Oregon.
Habitat: Open places, but not on lithosol, in the plains, foothills, and lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Balsamorhiza careyana × Balsamorhiza hookerihybrid balsamroot
Origin: Native
Balsamorhiza deltoideadeltoid balsamroot, Puget balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Prairies, open slopes, and forest edge at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Balsamorhiza hookerihairy balsamroot, hare's head balsamroot, Hooker's balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; Washington to California, east to western Montana, southern Idaho, and Nevada.
Habitat: Dry, open areas at low to moderate elevations, usually in lithosol (rocky, cobbly soil).
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Balsamorhiza hookeri × Balsamorhiza sagittatahybrid balsamroot
Origin: Native
Balsamorhiza incanahoary balsamroot, woolly balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the southeastern counties in Washington; southeastern Washington to adjacent Oregon, east through Idaho to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Mesic meadows and slopes at lower to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Balsamorhiza rosearosy balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in south-central Washington; south-central Washington to northeastern Oregon.
Habitat: Dry, rocky slopes at low elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Balsamorhiza sagittataarrowleaf balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Shrub-steppe, grasslands, and other open areas from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Balsamorhiza serrataserrrate balsamroot, toothed balsamroot
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in south-central and southeastern Washington; Washington to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Rock outcrops and dry, rocky knolls.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Balsamorhiza ×terebinthaceawormwood balsamroot
Origin: Native
Balsamorhiza ×tomentosawooly hybrid balsamroot
Origin: Native
Barbarea orthocerasAmerican wintercress rocket, yellow rocket
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; Alaska to the mountains of California, east though the Rockies to the New England states.
Habitat: Meadows, stream banks and moist woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
Barbarea vernaBelle Isle cress, landcress, early yellow rocket, scurvygrass, early wintercress
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April - July
Barbarea vulgarisyellow rocket, bitter wintercress
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington, with scattered locations east of the Cascades; distributed throughout much of the United States.
Habitat: Garden escape, found chiefly in wet places.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-July
Bassia hyssopifoliabassia, fivehorn smotherweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Noxious weed of waste areas and irrigated farm land.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: July-September
Bassia scopariared belvedere, mock cypress, summer cypress
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other dry, distrubed, open areas at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Europe and southestern Asia
Flowers: July-September
Beckmannia syzigachneAmerican slough grass
Distribution: Alaska to California, east from the coast to Manitoba and the Great Lakes region
Habitat: Pond margins, marshes and ditches at low elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: June - July
Bellardia viscosayellow glandweed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California; also in south-central U.S.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, pastures, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia.
Flowers: June-August
Bellis perennisEnglish daisy, lawn daisy
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and in central and eastern U.S.
Habitat: Fields, parks, lawns, balds, wastelots, and other disturbed or cultivated areas, usually where moist.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-September
Berberis darwiniidarwin's barberry
Distribution: Occasional near the coast in Oregon and California.
Habitat: Prefers high humidity; rarely escapes cultivation
Origin: Introduced
Berberis julianaewintergreen barberry
Distribution: Occurring in lowlands west of Cascades crest in Washington; also in Mississippi and New York.
Habitat: Disturbed, shrubby areas at low elevations, often where wet or marshy.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Berberis thunbergiiJapanese barberry
Distribution: Sparingly introduced in Washington; escaped throughout central and eastern United States and Canada.
Habitat: Disturbed areas
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-May
Berberis vulgariscommon barberry, European barberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to Idaho and Montana; also occurring in central and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Dry waste ground, forest understory, and other disturbed sites.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
Bergia texanaTexas bergia
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington in a few scattered localities; widely distributed across the United States from Washington to California, east to the Gulf Coast states.
Habitat: Emergent in muddy soils of ponds, lakes, ditches, rivers, and streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Berteroa incanahoary alyssum
Distribution: In scattered locations east of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Uncommon in dry, waste places in most of the Pacific Northwest; common in northeast Washington.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Berula incisa
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to central North America.
Habitat: Wet areas, often emergent in ponds, lakes, and back water channels, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Betula glandulosadwarf birch, resin birch, swamp birch
Distribution: Alaska south to the Sierra of California, east to Nevada and Colorado, and also to Newfoundland and New York.
Habitat: Stream banks, margins of marshes, lakes and bogs, and on alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late April - early July
Betula occidentalisred birch, river birch, water birch
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east in Canada to Ontario, east in the U.S. to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Moist areas, streambanks at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: February-June
Betula papyriferacanoe birch, paper birch, western paper birch, white birch
Distribution: Alaska to Oregon, east of the Cascades except in northwest Washington, east to the Atlantic coast
Habitat: Moist, open to dense woods, low to moderate elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - May
Betula pendulaEuropean weeping birch
Distribution: Occurring in Washington on both sides of the Cascades; Introduced as an ornamental in Washington; occurring in isolated locations in south-central Canada and the eastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas associated with urban and suburban development where the trees escape from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-May
Betula populifolia
Origin: Introduced
Betula pubescens
Origin: Introduced
Betula pumilabog birch, dwarf birch, swamp birch
Origin: Native
Betula ×utahensis
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - May
Bidens amplissimaVancouver Island beggar-ticks
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the northern Puget Trough area in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to King County, Washington.
Habitat: Wetlands, estuaries, pond and stream margins.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-October
Bidens beckiiBeck's water marigold
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana, east across Canada to the Great Lakes region and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Lowland ponds and lakes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Bidens cernuanodding beggar-ticks, bur-marigold
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Stream banks, pond and lake edges, and other wet places at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Bidens connatapurplestem beggars-ticks, swamp beggar-ticks
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana; native from central North America east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Marshes, shorelines and other wet, sunny areas.
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Flowers: August-September
Bidens frondosaleafy beggar-ticks, devil's pitchfork, sticktight
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Shores of ponds, lakes, backwater channels, and other wetland areas at low elevations, often where disturbed.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-October
Bidens tripartitathree-lobed beggar-ticks
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast where native.
Habitat: Wet places, often where disturbed, primarily at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and eastern North America
Flowers: August-October
Bidens vulgatatall beggar-ticks, western sticktight
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across all but the southwestern U.S. to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Streamsides, ponds, lakes, ditches and other moist to wet waste places.
Origin: Introduced from British Columbia
Flowers: July-October
Bistorta bistortoidesAmerican bistort, western bistort
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Streambanks and moist or swampy meadows, middle elevations in the mountains to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Bistorta viviparaalpine bistort, serpent-grass
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in northern Washington; Alaska south to Oregon, east to Montana, and south in the Rockies to New Mexico; across Canada to Newfoundland, south to Minnesota and Maine.
Habitat: Damp areas, shady woods, meadows and streambanks at mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Blepharipappus scaberblepharipappus, rough eyelashweed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington; southeastern Washington to California, east to Idaho and northwest Nevada.
Habitat: Grasslands, open slopes, forest edge, sagebrush desert, and other open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Blitum capitatumstrawberry blight, Indian ink, Indian paint
Distribution: In scattered locations in Washington, chiefly east of the Cascades crest; Alaska south to California, east to the Atlantic Coast primarily in the northern half of North America.
Habitat: Weedy native of low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Blitum hastatumOver's Goosefoot
Origin: Introduced?
Blitum nuttallianumNuttall's povertyweed
Distribution: East of the Cascades, southern British Columbia south to southern California, east to Manitoba, Missouri and New Mexico.
Habitat: Dry to moist, saline or alkaline soil, from the desert plains to mid-elevations in he mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - July
Blitum spathulatumprostrate monolepis
Origin: Native
Blitum virgatumleafy goosefoot
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June - September
Boechera atrorubensdark-red-flowered rockcress
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; Washington to north-central Oregon.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest openings and meadows, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Boechera calderiCalder's rockcress
Origin: Native
Boechera cascadensisCascades rockcress
Origin: Native
Boechera cusickiiCusick's rockcress
Distribution: East of the Cascades in Washington; east-central Washington south to Nevada, east to central Idaho.
Habitat: Sagebrush flats to open Ponderosa pine forests, often on lithosol.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-May
Boechera divaricarpaspreadingpod rockcress
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, and in the Olympic Mountains; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: From middle elevations to subalpine areas in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Boechera drepanoloba
Origin: Native
Boechera grahamiiGraham's rockcress
Origin: Native
Boechera lemmoniiLemmon's rockcress
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic Mountains and East Cascades in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Alpine meadows, ridges and talus slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Boechera lyalliiLyall's rockcress, murry's rockcress
Distribution: Widely distributed in the mountains throughout Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Subalpine to alpine ridges, cliffs, and drier meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Boechera microphyllalittleleaf rockcress, small-leaved rockcress
Distribution: Occurring in Washington east of the Cacades crest; British Columbia south to eastern Oregon, east to Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Low montane to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Boechera paddoensisMt. Adams rockcress
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the Mt. Adams area; Washington south to northeastern Oregon.
Habitat: Alpine slopes and talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Boechera paucifloraColumbia rockcress, few-flowered rockcress, small-flowered rockcress
Distribution: East of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Montana and Utah.
Habitat: Sagebrush and ponderosa pine country.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Boechera paupercula
Origin: Native
Boechera pendulocarpadanglepod rockcress
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory south to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: From sagebrush and ponderosa pine slopes to well up in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Boechera polyantha
Origin: Native
Boechera puberulaBlue Mountain rockcress, hoary rockcress
Origin: Native
Boechera retrofracta
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east across Canada to Ontario.
Habitat: Sagebrush-steppe to forest openings at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Boechera sparsifloraelegant rockcress, slender rockcress
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho, Nevada, and Utah.
Habitat: From sagebrush plains to forest openings and meadows at moderate elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Boechera strictaCanadian rockcress, Drummond's rockcress
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east along the northern U.S. and southern Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Open areas in the forest at mid-elevations to sub-alpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Boechera suffrutescenswoody rockcress
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central and southeastern Washington; central Washington to California, east to central Idaho.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and dry ridges in ponderosa pine forest openings and sagebrush desert.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Bolandra oregananorthern false coolwort
Distribution: Along the Columbia River Gorge and in southeastern Washington; Washington south to Oregon along the lower Columbia River Gorge, and along the Snake River and its tributaries in Oregon and Idaho.
Habitat: Moist, mossy rocks, usually near waterfalls.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Bolboschoenus fluviatilisriver bulrush
Origin: Native
Bolboschoenus maritimusseacoast tuberous bulrush
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across much of North America; cosmopolitan.
Habitat: Salt marshes, wet meadows, and margins of ponds, especially in alkaline or saline areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
ssp. paludosus – saltmarsh bulrush, seacoast bulrush
Boltonia asteroideswhite doll's daisy
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest along the lower Columbia River in southwestern Washington; southwestern Washington to adjacent northwestern Oregon, otherwise native from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Lowland flood plains and wet meadows.
Origin: Introduced from central and eastern North America
Flowers: July-September
var. recognita – white doll's daisy
Borago officinalisborage, common borage
Distribution: Introduced at scattered locations in the United States; occasional west of the Cascades in the Pacific Northwest.
Habitat: Waste ground and disturbed soil.
Origin: Introduced from southern Europe
Flowers: April - June
Botrychium ascendensupswept moonwort
Origin: Native
var. lineare – narrow-leaf grapefern, slender moonwort
Botrychium crenulatumdainty moonwort, scalloped moonwort
Distribution: East Cascades in northern Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Arizona
Habitat: Mesic meadows, fen margins, and streamsides under Thuja plicata, at montane elevations.
Origin: Native
Spores: June-August
Botrychium hesperiumwestern moonwort
Origin: Native
Botrychium lanceolatumlance-leaved grapefern, red triangle moonwort
Distribution: Circumboreal, extending south to southern Washington and Pennsylvania
Habitat: Moist or wet places in the mountains, occasionally to high elevations
Origin: Native
Botrychium michiganenseMichigan moonwort
Distribution: Scattered in Western North America and eastward to the Great Lakes; in Washington known from the northeast corner of the state.
Habitat: Mesic montane meadows.
Origin: Native
Botrychium minganenseMingan moonwort
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado and to Maine across the northern tier of states
Origin: Native
Botrychium montanumwestern goblin, mountain moonwort
Distribution: British Columbia to California, east to Montana
Origin: Native
Botrychium neolunariacommon moonwort
Origin: Native
Botrychium paradoxumparadox moonwort, two-spiked moonwort
Origin: Native
Botrychium pedunculosumstalked moonwort
Origin: Native
Botrychium pinnatumnorthwestern moonwort, St. John
Distribution: Alaska to Washington and the Wallowa Mountains of Oregon
Habitat: Moist or wet, mostly open places at fairly high elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Botrychium simplexleast moonwort
Origin: Native
var. simplex – little grapefern, least moonwort
Botrychium viridegreen triangle moonwort
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the northeastern counties in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, also in New Mexico.
Habitat: Moist montane or subalpine meadows to open forest or thickets.
Origin: Native
Botrypus virginianusrattlesnake fern, common grapefern, Virginia grapefern
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and in the northeastern counties in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast; also in Eurasia.
Habitat: Moist woods and thickets, seldom in meadows, from valleys to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Boykinia intermediagreater boykinia, Sierran brookfoam
Distribution: Occurring on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington; Washington south along the coast to central Oregon.
Habitat: Moist woods, meadows, streambanks, roadside ditches.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Boykinia occidentaliscoastal brookfoam
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods and along streams, lowlands and along the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Brachypodium sylvaticumfalse brome
Distribution: Currently known from Cowlitz county in Washington; British Columbia south to California; also in Virginia.
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed, open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-June
ssp. sylvaticum – false brome
Brasenia schreberiwatershield
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to California, east to much of Canada and eastern United States.
Habitat: Shallow ponds and sluggish streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Brassica junceaChinese, Indian, brown mustard, leaf mustard
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including fields, roadsides and wastelots.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-July
Brassica napusrape, winter rape, rapeseed
Distribution: Known from only a few scattered locations in Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including fields, roadsides, and wastelots, where often escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Brassica nigrablack mustard
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Distrubed areas such as roadsides, fields, and waste lots.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-August
Brassica oleraceacabbage, wild cabbage
Distribution: Known only from San Juan County in Washington; Washington and California; more commonly found in northeastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including fields, roadsides, and wastelots, where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-August
Brassica rapacommon mustard, field mustard, wild turnip
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-Septemeber
Brickellia grandifloratasselflower brickellbush, large flowered tasselflower, large flowered thoroughwort
Distribution: Occasional east of the Cascades in Washington and Oregon.
Habitat: Openings in woods at moderate elevations, sometimes in plains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-October
Brickellia microphyllasmall-leaved brickellbush
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington; southeastern Washington to California, east to Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, rocky foothills, canyons, washes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: August-October
var. microphylla – small-leaved brickellbush, small-leaved brickellia
Brickellia oblongifolianarrow-leaved brickellbush, narrow-leaved thoroughwort
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry, often rocky places from lowland sagebrush desert to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. oblongifolia – narrowleaf brickellia
Briza maximabig quakinggrass
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - June
Briza minorlittle quaking grass
Distribution: Well established in Eastern North America; occasional on the West coast.
Habitat: Dry waste areas.
Origin: Introduced from the Mediterranean region
Flowers: May - June
Brodiaea coronariabluedick brodiaea, harvest brodiaea
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.
Habitat: Grasslands, balds, prairies, and open hillsides at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Brodiaea roseaIndian Valley brodiaea
Origin: Native
var. rosea – Indian Valley brodiaea
Bromus arenariusAustralian brome
Origin: Introduced
Bromus briziformisrattlesnake brome
Distribution: Southern British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Montana; occasional in eastern United States.
Habitat: Waste ground, roadsides, and overgrazed areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: Late May - July
Bromus ciliatusfringed brome
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Bromus commutatusmeadow brome
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Waste ground, meadows, roadsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Bromus diandrusgreat brome, ripgut brome, ripgut grass
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, southern Great Plains, and in eastern North America.
Habitat: Grassy balds, prairies, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas at low to moderate elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Bromus erectusupright brome
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June - July
Bromus hordeaceussoft chess
Distribution: Common introduction from Alaska south to Baja California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Waste ground, roadsides, dry hillsides.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Bromus inermissmooth brome
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, meadows, parks, and other disturbed open areas; often planted for hay and soil stabilization.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-August
Bromus japonicusJapanese brome
Distribution: East of the Cascades, southern British Columbia to California, east across Canada and most of eastern United States.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and grasslands to lower mountain forests; often a weed of roadsides and waste land.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June - August
Bromus madritensiscompact brome
Origin: Introduced
Bromus orcuttianuschinook brome
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Bromus pacificusPacific brome
Distribution: West of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to Oregon.
Habitat: Meadows and forest openingsat low elevations, often near or along the coast.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Bromus pumpellianuspumpelly brome
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Stream banks, lake shores, sand dunes, meadows, grassy slopes, and roadsides
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
ssp. pumpellianus – arctic brome
Bromus racemosusbald brome
Origin: Introduced
Bromus rubensfox-tail brome
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; central Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Utah and Arizona.
Habitat: Common weed on overgrazed land, waste areas.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Bromus secalinusrye brome
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Disturbed, open ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-July
Bromus sitchensisAlaska brome, Sitka brome
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains
Habitat: Dry to moist open areas from lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. aleutensis – Aleut brome
var. carinatus – California brome
var. marginatus – large mountain brome
var. polyanthus – smooth brome
var. sitchensis – Sitka brome
Bromus squarrosuscorn brome
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east in scattered locations to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Open, disturbed areas including fields, meadows, and forest openings.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-July
Bromus sterilispoverty brome
Distribution: Southern British Columbia south to California, and in the Rocky Mountains and eastern United States.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste places.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May - July
Bromus suksdorfiiSuksdorf's brome
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Bromus tectorumcheat grass
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Baja California, Mexico, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert, grasslands, prairies, meadows, balds, roadsides, wastelots, and other distrubed open areas from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: March-June
Bromus vulgarisColumbian brome
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south along the coast to northern California, east to Alberta, Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Shaded to open woods or moist to dry banks, from near sea level to mountain meadows and dry, rocky slopes at 6000' elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Bryonia albawhite bryony
Distribution: Occurring in eastern and southeastern Washington; east to Montana, south to Utah.
Habitat: Disturbed areas where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-September
Buddleja davidiiorange-eye butterfly-bush
Distribution: Introduced in western Washington; British Columbia south to California, and eastern United States.
Habitat: Escaped ornamental; roadsides and waste ground
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-October
Buglossoides arvensiscorn gromwell, field gromwell
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, and other dry, open, often disturbed sites in sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest openings.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Butomus umbellatusflowering rush
Distribution: Whatcom County in Washington. Introduced across the northern United States from Washington to Vermont.
Habitat: Occasional in ponds and wetlands.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: August