Cypress Family
3 genera
7 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Common name
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Callitropsis nootkatensisAlaskan yellow cedar
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades and Olympic Mountains of Washington; Alaska to northern California.
Habitat: Moist areas, generally from moderate to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-July
Juniperus chinensis
Origin: Introduced
Juniperus communiscommon juniper, mountain juniper
Distribution: Much of Canada and the United States
Habitat: Lowland woods to mountain valleys and open, rocky alpine slopes
Origin: Native
Cones: April - May
var. depressa – common juniper, dwarf juniper, ground juniper, prostrate juniper
var. jackii – Jack's common juniper, Jack's mat juniper
Juniperus occidentaliswestern juniper.
Distribution: Common east of the Cascades in Oregon, south to California; occasional north to Kittitas County in Washington and east to Idaho
Habitat: Desert foothills and lower mountains
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June
Juniperus rigida
Origin: Introduced
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain juniper, seaside juniper, Rocky Mountain redcedar
Distribution: Puget Trough and southwest British Columbia, south, east Cascades, to Oregon, east to Nebraska
Habitat: Coastal islands to inland valleys and lower mountains
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June
Thuja plicatacanoe cedar, western red cedar
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to northern California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist or swampy areas from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: Producing cones in April-May