Hydrophyllaceae
Waterleaf Family
5 genera
27 species
14 subspecies and varieties
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Hesperochiron californicusCalifornia hesperochiron, California monkey-fiddle
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to western MT, WY, and UT.
Habitat: Mostly in more or less alkaline meadows and flats, in plains, foothills and valleys
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Hesperochiron pumilussmall hesperochiron, small monkey-fiddle
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascade crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Meadows and moist, open slopes from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Hydrophyllum capitatumwool breeches, ballhead waterleaf
Distribution: Occurring mostly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist, open slopes and woodlands, foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-July
var. capitatum – wool breeches, ballhead waterleaf
var. thompsonii – Thompson's wool breeches, Thompson's ballhead waterleaf
Hydrophyllum fendleriFendler's waterleaf
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Utah.
Habitat: Thickets and moist open places, from lowlands to mid elevations in mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. albifrons – Fendler's waterleaf
var. fendleri – Fendler's waterleaf
Hydrophyllum tenuipesPacific waterleaf
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Forest understory and edge at low elevations, often where moist.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Nemophila brevifloraGreat Basin baby-blue-eyes
Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; southern British Columbia to south to California, east to Colorado and Montana.
Habitat: Wooded slopes, thickets, and less often in open places, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Nemophila kirtleyiSnake Canyon baby-blue-eyes
Origin: Native
Flowers: April - May
Nemophila maculatababy blue eyes, five-spot
Distribution: Known in Washington only as a garden escape in King County; southwestern Oregon to southern California.
Habitat: In our area a garden escape to open areas; in its native range found in meadows, roadbanks, and woodland.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Nemophila menziesiibaby blue-eyes
Distribution: Known in Washington only as a garden escape in King County; southwestern Oregon to southern California.
Habitat: In our area a garden escape to open areas; in its native range found in meadows, roadbanks, and woodland.
Origin: Introduced from California and Oregon
Flowers: May-june
var. menziesii – baby blue-eyes
Nemophila parviflorasmall-flowered nemophila
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, but more common west of the crest; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Shady, wooded slopes, forest openings and edge, from low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
var. austiniae – small-flowered nemophila
var. parviflora – small-flowered nemophila
Nemophila pedunculatameadow baby-blue-eyes, spreading nemophila
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, south to Baja California, east to Nevada and Idaho.
Habitat: Moist, open places, like meadows and bottom lands, in the foothills and lowlands, occasionally somewhat higher.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Phacelia bolanderiBolander's phacelia, Bolander's scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland southwestern Washington; Coos Bay, Oregon south along the coast to Sonoma County, California.
Habitat: Mostly on open, often unstable slopes at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Phacelia frankliniiFranklin's scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in northeastern Washington; Yukon to northeastern Washington, east to western Montana and Wyoming, further east to the Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Talus and open areas at middle elevations in the mountains
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Phacelia glanduliferasticky phacelia, glandular-hair scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Open areas in sagebrush desert.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June
Phacelia hastatasilverleaf phacelia, whiteleaf phacelia
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Dry, open, often sandy areas, low to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. compacta – silverleaf phacelia, whiteleaf phacelia
var. hastata – silverleaf phacelia, whiteleaf phacelia
var. leptosepala – narrow-sepal scorpion-weed
Phacelia heterophylla
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Widespread in dry, open places from the foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Phacelia humilislow phacelia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Moist to moderately dry soil at low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
var. humilis – low phacelia
Phacelia lentasticky scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington, where endemic to Chelan and Douglas counties.
Habitat: Open rocky habitats, talus, rocky outcrops.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Phacelia linearisthread-leaf phacelia, thread-leaf scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Common in dry, open places in the foothills and plains to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Phacelia minutissimaleast phacelia, dwarf scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Kittitas County in Washington; central Washington to northeastern Nevada, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Meadows and forest openings at middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Phacelia nemoralisshade phacelia, woodland phacelia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Thickets and woodlands, usually in fairly dry and shady areas, at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
var. oregonensis – woodland phacelia
Phacelia proceratall scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, also in the Blue Mountains of northeast Oregon and east to adjacent west-central Idaho.
Habitat: Meadows, forest openings and edge, and lightly wooded slopes at middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Phacelia ramosissimabranched phacelia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; south-central British Columbia to California, east to southwestern Idaho and Arizona.
Habitat: Dry, open places in the plains and foothills, commonly on basaltic talus, ledges and cliffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
var. ramosissima – branched phacelia
Phacelia sericeasilky phacelia
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Open, often rocky areas, from middle elevations in the mountains to the alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. sericea – silky phacelia
Phacelia tetrameradwarf phacelia, four-part yellow scorpion-weed
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; central Washington to California, east to Idaho, Wyoming and Utah.
Habitat: Alkaline flats and washes at low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Romanzoffia sitchensisSitka mistmaiden
Distribution: Occurring on oth sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska to northern California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Wet cliffs and ledges, usually at middle to high elevations in the mountains, but descending to near sea level in the Columbia River Gorge.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Romanzoffia tracyiTracy's mistmaiden
Distribution: Along the coast in southwestern Washington; south to northern California.
Habitat: Coastal bluffs and rocks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-April