Rosaceae
Rose Family
41 genera
151 species
41 subspecies and varieties
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Agrimonia gryposepalatall hairy agrimony, tall hairy grooveburr
Distribution: Reported from Washington but currently no specimens exist; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Edges, openings, draws, thickets, and open forest.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Amelanchier alnifoliasaskatoon, serviceberry
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains.
Habitat: Open woods, canyons and hillsides, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Amelanchier utahensisUtah serviceberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Baja California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Texas.
Habitat: Rimrock, valleys, gullies and hillsides, from sagebrush desert to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Aphanes arvensiswestern lady's-mantle, field parsley-piert
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, reported in Idaho, also along Atlantic Coast in the U.S.
Habitat: Ledges, often limy, sandy shores, hot springs, and other disturbed open ground at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and northern Africa
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: annual
Aphanes australissmall-fruited parsley-piert
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to northwestern Oregon, also in southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Openings, shores, lawns, and other disturbed areas at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: March-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Aphanes occidentaliswestern parsley-piert
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington and east in the Columbia River Gorge; southern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Vernally damp grasslands, balds, fields, ledges, rocky slopes, open forest, shores, and beaches at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Aronia melanocarpablack chokeberry
Origin: Introduced
Aruncus dioicussylvan goatsbeard
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, also in the eastern half of North America.
Habitat: Moist forest and forest edge from low elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
var. acuminatus – Sylvan goatsbeard
Cercocarpus ledifoliusmountain mahogany
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington (population in Chelan County was planted); southeastern Washington to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Dry areas, from foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
var. intermontanus – birchleaf mountain-mahogany
var. ledifolius – mountain mahogany
Comarum palustremarsh cinquefoil, purple marshlocks
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across the northern portion of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Bogs, wet meadows and lake margins, sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster atropurpureuspurple-flowering cotoneaster
Origin: Introduced
Cotoneaster dammeribearberry cotoneaster
Origin: Introduced from China
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster dielsianusDiel's cotoneaster
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; southwest British Columbia to southwest Oregon.
Habitat: Thickets, open forest, rocky slopes, meadows, and grasslands at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster divaricatusspreading cotoneaster
Origin: Introduced from China
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster franchetiifranchet's cotoneaster, orange cotoneaster
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Lowland forest edges, grassy balds, and disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster horizontalisrock cotoneaster, rockspray cotoneaster, wall cotoneaster
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; British Columbia to Oregon; also in Ontario, Canada.
Habitat: Fields, forest openings, and disturbed areas typically at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster lacteuslate cotoneaster, milk-flower cotoneaster
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, thickets, and forest margins.
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster lucidusshiny cotoneaster
Origin: Introduced from Siberia and Mongolia
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster rehderibullate cotoneaster, puckered-leaf cotoneaster
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; Alaska to Washington.
Habitat: Thickets, open clearings, forests, and shores typically at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: May-Jun; fruiting Sep-Dec.
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster salicifoliuswillow-leaved cotoneaster
Origin: Introduced from China
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster simonsiiHimalayan cotoneaster, Simon's cotoneaster
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to central California.
Habitat: Thickets, forest openings, shorelines, balds, parks, and grasslands.
Origin: Introduced from southeast Asia
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Cotoneaster ×suecicus
Origin: Introduced
Cotoneaster tengyuehensisTengyueh cotoneaster
Origin: Introduced from China
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus castlegarensisCastlegar hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Utah.
Habitat: Grasslands, riparian zones, thickets, openings, and seeps.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus chrysocarpafireberry hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, dry slopes, shrub-steppe, riparian zones, forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus ×cogswelliiOregon hybrid hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; western Washington to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.
Habitat: Wet prairie, thickets, and shores, generally occurring near where both parent species occur.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Crataegus douglasiiblack hawthorn, Douglas's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Saskatchewan, Idaho and Montana, also in the Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Thickets, open forests, forest edges, and riparian zones, from lowlands to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus gaylussaciahuckleberry hawthorn, Suksdorf's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; disjunct in southeast Alaska, otherwise southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Thickets, grasslands, riparian zones, shores, and meadows, from lowl to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus laevigatamidland hawthorn, woodland hawthorn
Distribution: Known only from the San Juan Islands in Washington.
Origin: Introduced from northern Europe
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus macracanthalarge-thorned hawthorn, western large-thorned hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to northeastern Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, and further east across the U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, riparian zones, and pastures.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus monogynaEnglish hawthorn, one-seed hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana, also in the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, pastures, meadows, thickets, and forest edge and understory at low elevations, often associated with disturbance. Seeds readily dispersed by birds.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
var. monogyna – common hawthorn, English hawthorn, one-seeded hawthorn
Crataegus okanaganensisOkanagan hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington in northern Washington; southern British Columbia to northern Washington, east to northern Idaho.
Habitat: Mesic thickets, riparian zones, and shorelines.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus okennoniiO'Kennon's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Thickets, riparian zones, and grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus phaenopyrumWashington thorn
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; Washington to Oregon, and also in eastern North America where native.
Habitat: Grasslands, shores, and damp thickets.
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Flowers: May-July
Crataegus phippsiiPhipps's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; southern British Columbia to northern Washington, also in Montana but not known from Idaho.
Habitat: Floodplains, open forests, and thickets.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus tenuiorslender red hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; south-central British Columbia to north-central Washington.
Habitat: Grasslands, thickets, and forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Dasiphora fruticosashrubby cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Open areas from low elevations to alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Dryas drummondiiyellow mountain-avens
Distribution: Known from only a small number of scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to the North Cascades and Selkirk Mountains of Washington, the Wallowa Mountains of Oregon, and the Rocky Mountains of Montana; east across Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: High elevations, often above timberline, but down to lower elevations along streams
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Dryas hookerianawhite dryas, Hooker's mountain-avens, white mountain-avens
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Washington, northeast Oregon, and in the Rockies from Northwest Territory to Montana, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming and Colorado.
Habitat: Open, rocky areas, middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: perennial
Drymocallis argutacordilleran drymocallis
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona, east to Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Dry to vernally moist meadows, grasslands, shrub-steppe, open forest, and rocky slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Drymocallis glandulosasticky cinquefoil
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Utah, and Arizona.
Habitat: Open, mesic areas from coastal meadows to forest openings, to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. glabrata – Idaho wood beauty
ssp. glandulosa – gland cinquefoil, sticky cinquefoil
ssp. pseudorupestris – cliff drymocallis
Duchesnea indicaIndian-strawberry, mock-stawberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Oregon; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed forest and forest edge at low elevations, where escaping from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
var. indica – Indian strawberry, mock strawberry
Filipendula occidentalisqueen-of-the-forest
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in southwestern Washington; southwestern Washington and adjacent northwestern Oregon.
Habitat: Damp mossy river rocks, near high water line, wet rocky slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Fragaria chiloensisbeach strawberry, coastal strawberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in the coastal counties of Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Sand dunes, strand, headlands, and other open coastal habitats.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. pacifica – beach strawberry, coastal strawberry
Fragaria vescawoodland strawberry
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Moist woods, stream banks and sandy meadows, low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. californica – woodland strawberry
Fragaria virginianablueleaf strawberry, mountain strawberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington except in sagebrush areas; Alaska to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Open woods to gravelly meadows in the plains and lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. glauca – blueleaf strawberry, broadpetal strawberry, wild strawberry
Geum aleppicumyellow avens
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across Canada and the U.S., except the south-central and southeast regions, to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Shores, streams, damp thickets, damp forests, wet meadows, and peatlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Geum macrophyllumbigleaf avens, large-leaved avens
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Baja California, east to the Great Plains and east across Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Common in moist woods and meadows from sea level to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Geum rivalepurple avens, water avens
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the northeastern counties in Washington British Columbia to northeastern Washington, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region and northeastern North America; circumboreal.
Habitat: Stream banks, lake shores, bogs and wet meadows from middle elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Geum rossiiRoss's avens
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in the Wenatchee Mountains in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and eastward across northern Canada to Greenland; also in Far East Russia.
Habitat: Arctic tundra, high gravelly meadows and scree slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June- August
Growth Duration: perennial
Geum triflorumprairie smoke, old-man's whiskers
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Yukon Territory to California, east to the northern Great Plains, and Great Lakes regions.
Habitat: Prairies, balds, and moister places in the sagebrush plains, from the foothills to subalpine ridges.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Geum urbanumherb-bennet
Distribution: In scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Oregon, east to Idaho and Utah.
Habitat: Disturbed areas in including, roadsides, wastelots, and fields.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: perennial
Holodiscus discolorcreambush ocean-spray, hillside ocean-spray
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Texas.
Habitat: Gravelly soil in open, dry to moist woods, coastal bluffs to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. discolor – ocean-spray
Horkelia fuscahorkelia
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Damp meadows to open forest and rocky slopes at middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: perennial
var. capitata – horkelia
var. fusca – horkelia, tawny horkelia
Ivesia gordoniigordon's ivesia, alpine mousetail
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest from central Washington south; central Washington to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, grassland, sagebrush, forest openings, and subalpine to alpines ridges.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. gordonii – Gordon's ivesia
Ivesia tweedyiTweedy's mousetail
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Dry, open to wooded areas, middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Luetkea pectinatalutkea, partridgefoot
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic and Cascades mountains in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Northwest Territory, Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Usually on sandy soil in moist or shady places, subalpine to alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Malus baccataSiberian crabapple
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to southern Washington.
Habitat: Mesic thickets and riparian zones.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Malus ×dawsonianaDawson apple
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to Oregon.
Habitat: Fields, thickets, open damp forests, sea bluffs, roadsides, wastelots, and abandoned homesteads.
Origin: Escaping from cultivation
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Malus domestica
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Mesic thickets and riparian zones.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Malus fuscaOregon crabapple, western crabapple
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California.
Habitat: Moist woods, swamps and open canyons from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Malus hupehensisflowering tea crabapple
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to southwestern Washington, also in Illinois.
Habitat: Seasonally damp thickets, open forest.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: April-June
Malus prunifoliapearleaf crabapple, plumleaf crabapple
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to northern Oregon, also in the Great Lakes region and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Damp thickets, forest edges, and riparian zones.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: April-June
Oemleria cerasiformisoso-berry, Indian plum
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Moist to dry, open forest, forest edge, and stream bank thickets at low elevation.
Origin: Native
Flowers: February-April
Growth Duration: perennial
Petrophytum caespitosumRocky Mountain rockmat
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington; southeastern Washington to California, east to Montana, Idaho, New Mexico, Texas, and South Dakota.
Habitat: Dry, limy or granite cliffs, ledges, talus, and rocky slopes, lowland to alpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
ssp. caespitosum – Rocky Mountain rockmat
Petrophytum cinerascensChelan rockmat
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic to the Columbia River region of central Washington.
Habitat: Basaltic cliffs.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Petrophytum hendersoniiOlympic Mountain rockmat
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest, where endemic to the Olympic Mountains.
Habitat: Rocky cliffs and talus slopes at middle to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: perennial
Photinia davidianaChinese redtip, stranvaesia
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington.
Habitat: Thickets, open forests, shores, rarely epiphytic
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: April-June
var. davidiana – Chinese redtip, stranvaesia
Physocarpus capitatusPacific ninebark
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Moist woods and swamps in the lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Physocarpus malvaceusmallow ninebark, mallow-leaf ninebark
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in eastern Washington; British Columbia to Oregon and Nevada, east to Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Canyons and hillsides, grasslands, ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir forest openings and edge.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla anserinasilverweed cinquefoil, common silverweed
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Wet, alkaline areas from coast to arid inlands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-October
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. anserina – silvery cinquefoil, common silverweed
ssp. pacifica – Pacific silverweed
Potentilla argenteahoary cinquefoil, silver cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Sandy or gravely soil, typically where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla biennisbiennial cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, typically where moist to wet.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: annual, biennial
Potentilla breweriBrewer's cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest from central Washington south; central Washington to California, east to Nevada.
Habitat: Moist meadows and stream banks to open slopes at middle to high elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla drummondiiDrummond's cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Forest openings, meadows and high ridges, middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla flabellifoliafan-leaf cinquefoil, fringe-leaf cinquefoil, fan-foil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California and Nevada, east to Alberta, Montana and Wyoming.
Habitat: Common in moist meadows from middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla glaucophyllablueleaf cinquefoil, different-leaved cinquefoil, diverse-leaved cinquefoil, vari-leaved cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist subalpine and alpine meadows, and along stream banks in high mountain forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla gracilisslender cinquefoil
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and eastern Canada.
Habitat: Varied habitats; moderately saline soil, grasslands, moist areas in shrub-steppe, forested mountains and subalpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. brunnescens – glandular cinquefoil
var. flabelliformis – comb-leaf cinquefoil, Elmer's cinquefoil, Idaho cinquefoil
var. gracilis – Hall's cinquefoil, slender cinquefoil, wooly cinquefoil
var. pulcherrima – beautiful cinquefoil
Potentilla hyparcticasubarctic cinquefoil
Distribution: Known only from west of the Cascades crest in Whatcom County in Washington; Alaska to Washington, also south to south-central Montana and Wyoming; circumboreal.
Habitat: Alpine rocky slopes, talus, heath, turf, and snowmelt meadows, often acidic.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
ssp. elatior – subarctic cinquefoil
Potentilla jepsoniiJepson's cinquefoil
Origin: Native
var. kluanensis – Kluane cinquefoil
Potentilla newberryiNewberry's cinquefoil
Distribution: Known historically (1898) from the Columbia River Gorge in Washington, now likely extirpated; central Oregon to California, east to northwestern Nevada.
Habitat: Vernal pools, shores, and mudflats.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: annual, biennial, perennial
Potentilla niveasnow cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in northern Washington; Alaska to Washington, east to the southern Rocky Mountains to Colorado, further east to eastern North America.
Habitat: Arctic tundra and gravel bars to alpine slopes and meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June August
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla norvegicaNorwegian cinquefoil, rough cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Usually in moist soil, often along irrigation ditches or in waste places.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: annual, biennial, perennial
Potentilla pensylvanicaPennsylvania cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains, and further east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast; also in Eurasia.
Habitat: Damp alpine meadows, rocky slopes, ridges, and talus.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
var. ovium – Jepson's cinquefoil
Potentilla rectasulphur cinquefoil
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, but not in Yukon Territory, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, trails, and disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Potentilla rivalisbrook cinquefoil, river cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to central North America, and further east to the northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Damp soil, especially along rivers and around lakes, ponds, and swamps at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Growth Duration: annual, biennial
Potentilla supinabushy cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, and east across Canada and the midwestern U.S. to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Sandy stream banks, lake shores, and moist flats.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: annual, biennial
ssp. paradoxa – bushy cinquefoil
Potentilla villosanorthern cinquefoil, villous cinquefoil
Distribution: Occurring in the North Cascades, Olympic Mountains, and at Mt. Rainier in Washington; Alaska to Oregon.
Habitat: Arctic tundra to alpine ridges, talus slopes and rock crevices.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Growth Duration: perennial
Poteridium annuumannual burnet, prairie burnet
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to northern California, east to the Rocky Mountains, also in eastern North America.
Origin: Native
Poterium sanguisorbafodder burnet, small burnet
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, shores, pastures, wastelots, and other disturbed open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and North Africa
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. polygamum – burnet bloodwort, fodder burnet, small burnet
Prunus americanaAmerican plum, wild plum
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southcentral and southeastern Washington; Washington to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, and further east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Along watercourses, and on open or wooded, moist or dry areas from the plains into the lower mountains.
Origin: Native and introduced from further east of Washington
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus armeniacaapricot
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and in scattered areas eastward to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert, ledges, gravel or clay slopes, thickets, and shorelines
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: March-May
Prunus aviumsweet cherry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington, though distributed widely throughout the state; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Forest edges, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus cerasiferacherry plum
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington, but also in southeastern Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho; also in northeastern North America.
Habitat: Open, disturbed areas typically at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-April
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus cerasussour cherry
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Idaho and Montana, also east from the Great Plains to the midwestern U.S. and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, thickets, forest edge, and fields.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: March-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus domesticacultivated plum
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Utah; in scattered locations of central and northeastern U.S.
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, forest openings, abandoned homesteads, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: March-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus dulcisalmond
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations east of the Cascades crest and in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Washington, Idaho, and California.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, mostly along riparian zones and rocky slopes.
Origin: Introduced from western Asia and northern Africa
Flowers: March-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus emarginatabitter cherry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Thickets, rocky slopes, open forests, shorelines, and openings, from the lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus laurocerasuslaurel cherry, cherry-laurel
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Fields, forest edge, roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus lusitanicaPortugal laurel
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Thickets, forested slopes, grasslands, and shorelines.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Prunus mahalebmahaleb cherry, perfumed cherry
Distribution: Ocurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Utah, and also in the eastern United States.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May - June
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus padusEuropean bird cherry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern Alaska, southwestern British Columbia to northwestern Washington, Montana, and eastern North America.
Habitat: Ornamental, occasionally escapes
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and northern Africa
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus persicapeach
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, east to Idaho; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Thickets, shores, and disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced from eastern Asia
Flowers: April-June
Prunus ×pugetensisPuget Sound cherry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Southwestern British Columbia to northwestern Oregon, east in the Columbia River Gorge and in Chelan County, WA.
Habitat: Low elevations in forests or forest edges, or disturbed areas, typically where both parent species are present.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus spinosablackthorn
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to southern Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Moist draws, thickets, hillsides, roadsides, and railroads.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia and northern Africa
Flowers: April-May
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus tomentosaNanking cherry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; also in Utah, and from northern Great Plains east to northeastern North America.
Habitat: Thickets and hedgerows.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: April-May
Prunus virginianacommon chokecherry, western chokecherry, white chokecherry
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, open forest, shorelines, rocky slopes, and roadsides.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Prunus yedoensisYoshino cherry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; also occurring in central California.
Habitat: Thickets and shorelines, often where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Japan
Flowers: March-April
Purshia tridentataantelope-brush, bitterbrush
Distribution: Widely distributed east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and Nebraska.
Habitat: Sagebrush desert and shrub-steppe to ponderosa pine forests.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
var. tridentata – anteleope-brush, bitterbrush
Pyracantha coccineafirethorn, scarlet firethorn
Distribution: O Occurring in scattered locations across Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to the Atlantic Coast along the southern half of the U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, wastelots, and forest margins often near towns and cities where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from western Asia
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Pyracantha fortuneanaChinese firethorn
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; southern British Columbia to California and Arizona, also in the southern and southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed, open areas where escaped from cultivation through bird-dispersal.
Origin: Introduced from China
Flowers: January-May
Pyrus communiscommon pear
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Utah and New Mexico; also from southcentral U.S. east and northeast to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Grasslands, thickets, shorelines, and forest openings;
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rosa caninadog rose
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Idaho, Utah, and Arizona; also from Great Plains east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, thickets, forest edge, and other distrubed areas..
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rosa gymnocarpabald-hip rose
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, though more common west of the crest; British Columbia to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Dry to moist woods, forest edge, and thickets, from sea level to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rosa multifloramultiflora rose, rambler rose
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washinton; British Columbia to California; east to the southern Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, and eastern North America where widespread.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, highway and utility right of ways, forest edge, and other often moist, disturbed areas where escaping from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rosa nutkanaNootka rose
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington on both sides of the Cascades crest; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Thickets, shores, forest edges, riparian zones, rocky slopes from low elevations to the montane.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. macdougalii – bristly Nootka rose
ssp. nutkana – Nootka rose
Rosa pisocarpaclustered rose, peafruit rose
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest and east in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Thickets, stream banks, and swampy places at lower elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
var. pisocarpa – clustered rose, peafruit rose
Rosa rubiginosasweetbrier rose, small-flowered sweetbrier
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington, though more common west of the crest; southern British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado, further east from the Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, thickets, shorelines, pastures, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced Eurasia and northern Africa
Flowers: June-July
Rosa rugosarugosa rose
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in coastal marine habitats; Alaska to Oregon; also in the north-central and northeastern areas of North America.
Habitat: Edge of saltwater beaches, roadsides, forest edge, fields, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Asia
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rosa woodsiipearhip rose
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains and Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Valleys and hillsides at low elevations to forest openings at middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus allegheniensisAllegheny blackberry, common blackberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Washington and California (but apparently not Oregon), east to Idaho; also from the central Great Plains to eastern North America.
Habitat: Damp thickets, peatlands, and forest openings.
Origin: Introduced from central and eastern North America
Flowers: June-July
Rubus arcticusnagoonberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east across Canada to the Great Lakes Region and the northern Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Montane meadows, bogs, and woodlands to alpine tundra.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus bifronsHimalayan blackberry
Distribution: Occurrng on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, southern Great Plains, and eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, riparian zones, and forest edges at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus idaeusred raspberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Wet or dry woodland to open and often rocky mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. idaeus – red raspberry
ssp. strigosus – grayleaf red raspberry
Rubus laciniatuscut-leaf blackberry, evergreen blackberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Roadsides, forest understory and edge, thickets, and other disturbed areas, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus lasiococcusroughfruit berry, dwarf bramble, hairy-fruit smooth dewberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Moist to dry woods, lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus leucodermisblackcap raspberry, dark raspberry, whitebark raspberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Thickets, forest edge and openings, fields, and hillsides from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus nigerrimusdark raspberry, northwest raspberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic along the Snake River in Whitman County, Washington;
Habitat: Moist hillsides, usually along streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus nivalissnow dwarf bramble, snow dewberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to southwest Oregon, also in west-central Idaho.
Habitat: Open to deeply shaded, usually moist areas in the mountains at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus parviflorusthimbleberry
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, the Rocky Mountains, and Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Forest openings and edge, thickets, meadows, and riparian corridors from sea level to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus pedatusstrawberry bramble, strawberry-leaf raspberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist areas, open banks to dense forests, near sea level to timberline
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus pensilvanicusPennsylvania blackberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California also occurring in western Idaho; otherwise in central and eastern North America, where native.
Habitat: Damp slopes, dry forests, and thickets.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus pubescensdwarf red blackberry, dwarf red blackberry raspberry, red raspberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in northern Washington; Alaska to Washington, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Stream banks and moist woods to clearings where moderately dry, middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus spectabilissalmonberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, disjunct in northern Idaho.
Habitat: Lowland moist woods and swamps to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus ulmifoliuselm-leaf blackberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California and Nevada; also in New Jersey.
Habitat: Fields, thickets, forest edge, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced Europe and northern Africa
Flowers: May-July
Rubus ursinusPacific blackberry, trailing blackberry, dewberry, Douglasberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Open to fairly dense woodlands, thickets, and balds, sea level to middle elevations in the mountains; common in logged areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus vestitusEuropean blackberry
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, also reported from Idaho.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Sanguisorba menziesiiMenzies' burnet, small-head burnet
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington; Alaska to Washington.
Habitat: Peatlands, wet meadows, shores, generally at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Sanguisorba officinalisgarden burnet, great burnet
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington; Alaska to California; introduced in eastern North America; circumboreal.
Habitat: Peatlands, wet meadows, marshes, shorelines, and wet forests from the lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Sanguisorba stipulataSitka burnet
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Wet places at middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Sibbaldia procumbenscreeping-glow-wort, creeping sibbaldia
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east across most of Canda to the Atlantic Coasl.
Habitat: Open, dry to moist subalpine and alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Sorbus aucupariaEuropean mountain-ash
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Forest edge, thickets, shorelines, and other generally moist areas where often disturbed.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Sorbus hybridaSwedish mountain-ash, Swedish service-tree
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington.
Habitat: Shoreline ledges and thickets at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Sorbus scopulinaGreene's mountain ash, Cascade mountain-ash, western mountain-ash
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Open areas, from middle elevations to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Sorbus sitchensisSitka mountain-ash
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to northern California, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Forest openings at mid- to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. grayi – Sitka mountain-ash
var. sitchensis – Sitka mountain-ash
Spiraea douglasiiDouglas's spiraea, hardhack steeplebush
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Montana and Colorado.
Habitat: Swamps, lake margins and damp meadows, from sea level to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. douglasii – Douglas's spiraea
var. menziesii – Menzies's spiraea
Spiraea ×hitchcockiiHitchcock's spiraea
Distribution: Occurring in the Cascades in Washington; northern Washington to Oregon.
Habitat: Forest openings at low to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Spiraea lucidashiny-leaf spiraea, shinyleaf spiraea
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Saskatchewan and Wyoming.
Habitat: Stream banks and open to wooded areas, sea level to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Spiraea ×pyramidatapyramid spiraea
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Somewhat dry forest openings, from the lowlands to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Spiraea splendensrosy spiraea, subalpine spiraea
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California and Nevada, east to Alberta, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Moist forest openings and rocky slopes, middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August