Abies
fir
4 species
2 subspecies and varieties
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Abies amabilisPacific silver fir
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.
Habitat: Mostly at 1000-4000 feet elevation in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Perennial
Abies grandisgrand fir
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Coniferous forests, from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Abies lasiocarpaalpine fir, subalpine fir
Distribution: Occurring in mountainous regions throughout Washington; Alaska to southern Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Subalpine to alpine slopes, where commonly in krumholtz form.
Origin: Native
Cones: June-July
Growth Duration: Perennial
ssp. bifolia – Rocky Mountain subalpine fir
ssp. lasiocarpa – subalpine fir
Abies proceranoble fir
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Deep forests where there is sufficient moisture, moderate to fairly high elevations.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Perennial