4 species
2 subspecies and varieties
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Abies amabilisPacific silver fir
Distribution: On both sides of the Cascades in Washington; Alaska south to Siskiyou County, California, mostly west of the Cascade Crest.
Habitat: Mostly at 1000-4000 feet elevation in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Abies grandisgrand fir
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Vancouver Island, British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Coniferous forests, from sea level to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-June
Abies lasiocarpaalpine fir, subalpine fir
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout much of Washington; Alaska south to southern Oregon, east in the higher mountains to Alberta, Canada, and Colorado.
Habitat: Subalpine to alpine slopes, where commonly in krumholtz form.
Origin: Native
Cones: June-July
ssp. bifolia – Rocky Mountain subalpine fir
ssp. lasiocarpa – subalpine fir
Abies proceranoble fir
Distribution: Chiefly west of the Cascades in Washington; from northern Washington to the Siskiyou Mountains in California, and in the Coast Range in Oregon.
Habitat: Deep forests where there is sufficient moisture, moderate to fairly high elevations.
Origin: Native