8 species
1 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
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Scientific name
Common name
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Betula glandulosadwarf birch, resin birch, swamp birch
Distribution: Alaska south to the Sierra of California, east to Nevada and Colorado, and also to Newfoundland and New York.
Habitat: Stream banks, margins of marshes, lakes and bogs, and on alpine slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late April - early July
Betula occidentalisred birch, river birch, water birch
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south to California, east in Canada to Ontario, east in the U.S. to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Moist areas, streambanks at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: February-June
Betula papyriferacanoe birch, paper birch, western paper birch, white birch
Distribution: Alaska to Oregon, east of the Cascades except in northwest Washington, east to the Atlantic coast
Habitat: Moist, open to dense woods, low to moderate elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - May
Betula pendulaEuropean weeping birch
Distribution: Occurring in Washington on both sides of the Cascades; Introduced as an ornamental in Washington; occurring in isolated locations in south-central Canada and the eastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas associated with urban and suburban development where the trees escape from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: April-May
Betula populifolia
Origin: Introduced
Betula pubescens
Origin: Introduced
Betula pumilabog birch, dwarf birch, swamp birch
Origin: Native
Betula ×utahensis
Origin: Native
Flowers: March - May