Corallorhiza
coral-root
4 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Corallorhiza maculataspotted coralroot
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, east across southern Canada to the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist to rather dry woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. maculata – spotted coralroot
var. occidentalis – western spotted coralroot
var. ozettensis – ozette coralroot
Corallorhiza mertensianaPacific coralroot, western coralroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska south California, east to Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming.
Habitat: Usually in moist coniferous forests, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Corallorhiza striatastriped coralroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to California, east along the U.S. and Canadian border to the Atlantic coast.
Habitat: Moist humus in shady coniferous and deciduous forests, low to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: perennial
var. striata – hooded coralroot, striped coralroot
var. vreelandii – Vreeland's striped coralroot
Corallorhiza trifidaearly coralroot, northern coralroot, yellow coralroot
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, eas across t the northern half of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Fairly deep, moist woods, montane to subalpine in the Pacific Northswest.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial