Crataegus
haw, hawthorn, thornapple
13 species
1 subspecies and varieties
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Crataegus castlegarensisCastlegar hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Utah.
Habitat: Grasslands, riparian zones, thickets, openings, and seeps.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus chrysocarpafireberry hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, east across the northern U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, dry slopes, shrub-steppe, riparian zones, forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus ×cogswelliiOregon hybrid hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; western Washington to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.
Habitat: Wet prairie, thickets, and shores, generally occurring near where both parent species occur.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Crataegus douglasiiblack hawthorn, Douglas's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Saskatchewan, Idaho and Montana, also in the Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Thickets, open forests, forest edges, and riparian zones, from lowlands to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus gaylussaciahuckleberry hawthorn, Suksdorf's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; disjunct in southeast Alaska, otherwise southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Thickets, grasslands, riparian zones, shores, and meadows, from lowl to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus laevigatamidland hawthorn, woodland hawthorn
Distribution: Known only from the San Juan Islands in Washington.
Origin: Introduced from northern Europe
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus macracanthalarge-thorned hawthorn, western large-thorned hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to northeastern Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, and further east across the U.S. and Canada to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Thickets, riparian zones, and pastures.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus monogynaEnglish hawthorn, one-seed hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to Montana, also in the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, pastures, meadows, thickets, and forest edge and understory at low elevations, often associated with disturbance. Seeds readily dispersed by birds.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
var. monogyna – common hawthorn, English hawthorn, one-seeded hawthorn
Crataegus okanaganensisOkanagan hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington in northern Washington; southern British Columbia to northern Washington, east to northern Idaho.
Habitat: Mesic thickets, riparian zones, and shorelines.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus okennoniiO'Kennon's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Washington, east to Idaho and Montana.
Habitat: Thickets, riparian zones, and grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus phaenopyrumWashington thorn
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; Washington to Oregon, and also in eastern North America where native.
Habitat: Grasslands, shores, and damp thickets.
Origin: Introduced from eastern North America
Flowers: May-July
Crataegus phippsiiPhipps's hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; southern British Columbia to northern Washington, also in Montana but not known from Idaho.
Habitat: Floodplains, open forests, and thickets.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Crataegus tenuiorslender red hawthorn
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; south-central British Columbia to north-central Washington.
Habitat: Grasslands, thickets, and forest openings.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July