Erythranthe
monkey-flower
25 species
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Erythranthe alsinoideschickweed monkey-flower, wing-stem monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Shady, vernally (springtime) moist places on cliffs and ledges, especially at low elevations; often growing in moss mats.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June
Erythranthe ampliataNez Perce monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in far southeastern Washington; southeastern Washington to western Montana, possibly also in southern British Columbia, southern Alberta, and northwestern Wyoming.
Habitat: Basalt outcrops and seeps in grasslands.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe arvensisfield monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California, east to southern Idaho, Utah, and Nevada, disjunct in west-central Montana.
Habitat: Open slopes and stream bank.;
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe breviflorashort-flowered monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist and wet open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe breweriBrewer's monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, and Utah.
Habitat: Dry to moist open woods and meadows from middle elevations in the mountains to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythranthe caespitosalarge mountain monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympics and Cascades mountains of Washington; British Columbia south to Oregon, east to Idaho.
Habitat: Wet meadows and wet, rocky slopes at high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-September
Erythranthe cardinalisscarlet monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to the southern Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Streambanks, where escaped from cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe decorasharp-leaved monkey-flower, showy monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to southwestern Oregon, also in northern Idaho.
Habitat: Moist to wet open areas from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe dentatacoastal monkey-flower, tooth-leaved monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to northern California.
Habitat: Stream banks and other moist places to wet places from the lowlands to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-September
Erythranthe floribundapurple-stem monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest and west into the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; southern British Columbia to Mexico, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Moist open places at moderate elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-October
Erythranthe grandislarge monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California.
Habitat: Coastal areas including bluffs, dunes, wet cliff faces, marshes, ditches, lake and pond margins, and stream banks.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe guttataseep monkey-flower, yellow monkey-flower
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the northern Great Plains.
Habitat: Wet places, from sea level to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-September
Erythranthe inflatuladisappearing monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Klickitat County in Washington; south-central Washington to northeastern California, east to southwestern Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Moist to wet open areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe jungermannioidesliverwort monkey-flower
Distribution: Known historically from east of the Cascades crest in Klickitat County in Washington, but now considered extirpated; south-central Washington to adjacent Oregon, and south along the Deschutes River to the Maupin area.
Habitat: Moss mats, basalt crevices, and cliffs at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-June
Erythranthe lewisiigreat purple monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Montana, Wyoming and Colorado.
Habitat: Common in wet meadows and along rivers and streams from middle to high elevations in the mountains, occasionally found along low elevation rivers.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythranthe microphyllasmall-leaved monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; central British Columbia to California, east to western Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, wet meadows, streambanks, and seeps from lowland areas to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Erythranthe moschatamusk-flower, musk-plant
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains; also in eastern North America.
Habitat: Stream banks, moist meadows and seeps, low to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-August
Erythranthe nasutalarge-nose monkey-flower, snouted monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to Baja California, east to Idaho, Utah, and New Mexico.
Habitat: Rocky or moist slopes, stream banks, and seeps.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe patulastalk-leaved monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in southeastern Washington; southeast Washington to adjacent northeast Oregon and adjacent west-central Idaho.
Habitat: Vernally moist areas, seeps, and stream banks from the lowlands to the middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe primuloidesprimrose monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Habitat: Wet meadows and boggy areas at middle to high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Erythranthe ptilotasessile-leaved monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Wet places generally at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
Erythranthe pulsiferaecandelabrum monkey-flower, Pulsifer's monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in south-central Washington; south-central Washington to California,
Habitat: Vernally moist areas, seeps, and stream banks from the lowlands to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe scouleriScouler's monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades in southwestern Washington; southwestern Washington to adjacent northwestern Oregon.
Habitat: Seeps, stream and river banks at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-August
Erythranthe suksdorfiiminiature monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in central Washington; north-central Washington to southern California, east to Colorado and Arizona.
Habitat: Open, moist to rather dry places, from the valleys and foothills to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Erythranthe washingtonensisWashington monkey-flower
Distribution: Occurring east of the cascades crest in the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; south-central Washington to adjacent north-central Oregon.
Habitat: Shallow or gravelly soils of vernally moist areas at low elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-June