Juniperus
juniper
5 species
5 subspecies and varieties
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Scientific name
Common name
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Juniperus chinensis
Origin: Introduced
Juniperus communiscommon juniper, mountain juniper
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, and eastern North America; also in Eurasia and northern Africa.
Habitat: Lowlands to rocky alpine areas.
Origin: Native
Cones: June-August
Growth Duration: Perennial
var. depressa – common juniper, dwarf juniper, ground juniper, prostrate juniper
var. jackii – Jack's common juniper, Jack's mat juniper
var. kelleyi – Kelley's common juniper
Juniperus occidentaliswestern juniper.
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Washington to California, east to Idaho and Nevada.
Habitat: Desert foothills and lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial
Juniperus rigida
Origin: Introduced
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain juniper, seaside juniper, Rocky Mountain redcedar
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwest British Columbia to Oregon, east to Nebraska.
Habitat: Coastal islands to inland valleys and lower mountains.
Origin: Native
Cones: May-June
Growth Duration: Perennial