5 species
4 subspecies and varieties
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Common name
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Juniperus chinensis
Origin: Introduced
Juniperus communiscommon juniper, mountain juniper
Distribution: Much of Canada and the United States
Habitat: Lowland woods to mountain valleys and open, rocky alpine slopes
Origin: Native
Cones: April - May
var. depressa – common juniper, dwarf juniper, ground juniper, prostrate juniper
Juniperus occidentaliswestern juniper.
Distribution: Common east of the Cascades in Oregon, south to California; occasional north to Kittitas County in Washington and east to Idaho
Habitat: Desert foothills and lower mountains
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June
Juniperus rigida
Origin: Introduced
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain juniper, seaside juniper, Rocky Mountain redcedar
Distribution: Puget Trough and southwest British Columbia, south, east Cascades, to Oregon, east to Nebraska
Habitat: Coastal islands to inland valleys and lower mountains
Origin: Native
Cones: May - June