33 species
5 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
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Scientific name
Common name
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Lactarius affinissticky milk-cap
Lactarius alnicolagolden milk-cap
Lactarius aspideoidesbright yellow milk-cap
Lactarius caespitosusgray milk-cap
Lactarius deliciosusdelicious milk-cap
Distribution: Broad North America and Europe
Lactarius deterrimusfalse saffron milkcap
Lactarius fallaxvelvety milk-cap
Habitat: Litter in spruce and mixed conifer forests along the coast and in the interior mountains
Lactarius hepaticusliver milkcap
Lactarius kauffmanii
Distribution: Western
Habitat: Occurs with spruce and birch
Lactarius luculentus
var. laetus – orange milk-cap
Lactarius occidentalisalder milkcap
Distribution: Western Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: Occurs with alders
Lactarius olivaceoumbrinustoadskin milk-cap
Lactarius olympianus
Distribution: Western
Habitat: Conifer forests in PNW and Rocky Mountains
Lactarius pallescenspale-capped violet-latex milk-cap
Lactarius pseudomucidusslimy milk-cap
Distribution: Broad Western North America
Habitat: L. pseudomucidus is frequently found in coastal and mid-elevation conifer forests, and eastward at least as far as Idaho and southward into California.
Lactarius pubescens
Habitat: In the PNW, L. plumbeus occurs frequently under planted birch trees and often persists into late fall as dry black specimens. In Europe, it is reported from birch and spruce forests and also is known as L. necator (Bulliard: Fries) P. Karsten and L. turpis (Weinmann) Fries.
var. betulae – bearded milk-cap, downy milk-cap, woolly milk-cap
var. pubescens – downy milk-cap, woolly milk-cap, bearded milkcap
Lactarius resimusyellow staining bearded milk-cap, rollrim milkcap
Lactarius rubiduscandy-cap
Lactarius rubrilacteusbleeding milk-cap
Habitat: It occurs in a variety of habitats and seems to associate primarily with pines and Douglas-fir, especially in younger stands.
Lactarius rufusred hot milk-cap, red milk-cap, rufous milkcap
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: L. rufus commonly occurs with spruce and pine, often in abundance, for example, near the edge of bogs or in other moist areas where Sitka spruce occurs. It is very common in northern conifer forests around the world.
Lactarius scrobiculatuspitted milk-cap, scrobiculate milk-cap
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: common in our conifer forests
Lactarius subflammeusorange milk-cap
Distribution: Coastal
Habitat: Coastal conifer forests
Lactarius trivialisordinary milk-cap
Lactarius uviduspurple staining milk-cap