6 species
3 subspecies and varieties
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Linaria dalmaticadalmation toadflax
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington, but more prevalent east of the Cascades crest; widely distributed throughout most of North America except southeastern region.
Habitat: Open areas roadsides, fields, wastelots, forest openings, typically where disturbed.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. dalmatica – brown-leaved toadflax, Dalmatian toadflax, dalmatian toadflax
Linaria genistifoliabroomleaf toadflax
Origin: Introduced
Linaria grandifloralarge-flowered linaria
Origin: Introduced
Linaria purpureapurple toadflax
Distribution: Introduced as an ornamental, occasionally escaping west of the Cascades in Washington.
Habitat: Bare and disturbed ground.
Origin: Introduced from Mediterranean
Flowers: June - August
Growth Duration: perennial
Linaria triornithophorathree-birds-flying
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washington; Washington and Oregon, where in both areas very uncommon.
Habitat: Roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed areas at low elevation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: June-August
Linaria vulgarisgreater butter-and-eggs
Distribution: Widely distributed across Washington; widely distributed throughout North America.
Habitat: Noxious weed of roadsides, wastelots, and disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-September
Growth Duration: perennial