Medicago
alfalfa, bur-clover, medic
5 species
3 subspecies and varieties
Show only taxa with photos
Order by:
Scientific name
Common name
Display as:
Medicago arabicaspotted medic
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, also in the southeastern U.S.
Habitat: Disturbed areas including wastelots, roadsides and fields.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-July
Medicago lupulinahop clover, black medic
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout much of North America.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, lawns, wastelots, and other disturbed areas, often on sandy or gravelly soil.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: April-August
Medicago minimalittle bur-clover, bur medic
Distribution: Occurring in the east end of the Columbia River Gorge in Washington; Washington to California, east along the southern U.S. to eastern North America, also in the Hells Canyon area in Idaho.
Habitat: Roadsides, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: March-June
Medicago polymorphabur-clover, toothed medic, smooth medic
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California, scattered eastward across much of North America.
Habitat: Waste ground and disturbed areas, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: March-June
Medicago sativaalfalfa, lucerne
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Roadsides, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas; often escaping from commercial cultivation.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-October
ssp. falcata – yellow alfalfa
ssp. sativa – alfalfa, lucerne
ssp. ×varia – alfalfa