Rubus
blackberry, bramble, raspberry
17 species
2 subspecies and varieties
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Rubus allegheniensisAllegheny blackberry, common blackberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to Washington and California (but apparently not Oregon), east to Idaho; also from the central Great Plains to eastern North America.
Habitat: Damp thickets, peatlands, and forest openings.
Origin: Introduced from central and eastern North America
Flowers: June-July
Rubus arcticusnagoonberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in north-central Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to the Rocky Mountains, and east across Canada to the Great Lakes Region and the northern Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Montane meadows, bogs, and woodlands to alpine tundra.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus bifronsHimalayan blackberry
Distribution: Occurrng on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, southern Great Plains, and eastern North America.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, riparian zones, and forest edges at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Eurasia
Flowers: May-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus idaeusred raspberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east across most of North America to the Atlantic Coast.
Habitat: Wet or dry woodland to open and often rocky mountain slopes.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
ssp. idaeus – red raspberry
ssp. strigosus – grayleaf red raspberry
Rubus laciniatuscut-leaf blackberry, evergreen blackberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.
Habitat: Roadsides, forest understory and edge, thickets, and other disturbed areas, mostly at low elevations.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus lasiococcusroughfruit berry, dwarf bramble, hairy-fruit smooth dewberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest and in the Olympic Mountains in Washington; British Columbia to California.
Habitat: Moist to dry woods, lowlands to subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus leucodermisblackcap raspberry, dark raspberry, whitebark raspberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains.
Habitat: Thickets, forest edge and openings, fields, and hillsides from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus nigerrimusdark raspberry, northwest raspberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic along the Snake River in Whitman County, Washington;
Habitat: Moist hillsides, usually along streams.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May - June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus nivalissnow dwarf bramble, snow dewberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to southwest Oregon, also in west-central Idaho.
Habitat: Open to deeply shaded, usually moist areas in the mountains at middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus parviflorusthimbleberry
Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Alberta, the Rocky Mountains, and Great Lakes region.
Habitat: Forest openings and edge, thickets, meadows, and riparian corridors from sea level to the subalpine.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus pedatusstrawberry bramble, strawberry-leaf raspberry
Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to Oregon, east to Alberta, Idaho, and Montana.
Habitat: Moist areas, open banks to dense forests, near sea level to timberline
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus pensilvanicusPennsylvania blackberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California also occurring in western Idaho; otherwise in central and eastern North America, where native.
Habitat: Damp slopes, dry forests, and thickets.
Origin: Introduced
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus pubescensdwarf red blackberry, dwarf red blackberry raspberry, red raspberry
Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest in northern Washington; Alaska to Washington, east to the Rocky Mountains, northern Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.
Habitat: Stream banks and moist woods to clearings where moderately dry, middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: May-July
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus spectabilissalmonberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, disjunct in northern Idaho.
Habitat: Lowland moist woods and swamps to middle elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: March-June
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus ulmifoliuselm-leaf blackberry
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in Washington; southwestern British Columbia to California and Nevada; also in New Jersey.
Habitat: Fields, thickets, forest edge, and other disturbed areas.
Origin: Introduced Europe and northern Africa
Flowers: May-July
Rubus ursinusPacific blackberry, trailing blackberry, dewberry, Douglasberry
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana.
Habitat: Open to fairly dense woodlands, thickets, and balds, sea level to middle elevations in the mountains; common in logged areas.
Origin: Native
Flowers: April-August
Growth Duration: perennial
Rubus vestitusEuropean blackberry
Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to Oregon, also reported from Idaho.
Habitat: Roadsides and waste ground.
Origin: Introduced from Europe
Flowers: April-June
Growth Duration: perennial