5 species
4 subspecies and varieties
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Solidago elongataCascade Canada goldenrod, West Coast goldenrod
Origin: Native
Solidago lepidawestern Canada goldenrod
Distribution: Both sides of the Cascades in Washington; British Columbia to Idaho and Nevada, east to the Rocky Mountains and Manitoba.
Habitat: Dry to moist areas in meadows and riparian areas, from low to middle elevations.
Origin: Native
Flowers: July-October
var. lepida – western Canada goldenrod
var. salebrosa – Canada goldenrod, meadow goldenrod, Rocky Mountains Canada goldenrod
Solidago missouriensisMissouri goldenrod
Distribution: Southern British Columbia and western Washington, east to Ontario and Tennesee.
Habitat: Rather dry, open places, from the valleys and plains to fairly high elevations in the mountains.
Origin: Native
Flowers: Late June - October
Solidago multiradiatanorthern goldenrod, Rocky Mountain goldenrod
Distribution: Alaska to California, east to Colorado
Habitat: Mountain meadows and open slopes at high elevations
Origin: Native
Flowers: July - August
Solidago simplexsticky goldenrod
Distribution: Occurring in the Olympic and Cascade Mountains in Washington; Alaska to California, east to Minnesota and Texas.
Habitat: Open, slightly moist areas from coastal dunes to alpine meadows.
Origin: Native
Flowers: June-September
var. nana – dwarf goldenrod
var. simplex – sticky goldenrod