Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Allium scilloides
fragile onion, scilla-like onion

Distribution: Occurring east of the Cascades crest, where endemic in Washington from Douglas to Klickitat counties.

Habitat: Scablands and dry, barren, gravelly soils.

Flowers: March-April

Origin: Native

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Scapose perennial from a solitary ovoid bulb, outer coats reddish or brownish, without a network pattern.


Leaves 2, flat, recurved, much longer than the scape, and with it breaking of at the ground at maturity; scape flattened and 2-edged; bracts 2 or 3, ovate.


Umbel few- to several-flowered, pedicels thick, about as long as the tepals; flowers congested, white or pink, becoming red; tepals elliptic to ovate, 7-10 mm. long, the midrib strongly thickened; stamens 6, shorter than the tepals; anthers purple or brown; stigma 3-lobed.


Capsule 3-celled, without a crest.

Accepted Name:
Allium scilloides Douglas ex S. Watson
Publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 14: 229. 1879.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Allium scilloides in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Allium scilloides checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Allium scilloides atlas page.

CalPhotos: Allium scilloides photos.

USDA Plants: Allium scilloides information.

45 photographs:
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