Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; southern British Columbia south to California, east to Montana, Colorado and New Mexico.
Habitat: Parasitic on Pinus, usually on Pinus contorta.
Flowers: April- June
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Small, glabrous, monoecious shrubs parasitic on the branches of pines, the stems yellow-green, 2-6 cm. long, tufted, the segments 1-2 mm. thick, and 7-15 times as long as thick; assecessory branches whorled.
Leaves none, reduced to small, opposite scales.
Staminate flowers 2 mm. broad, borne on short, lateral stems, 2-several per node, the buds ovoid, the perianth lobes all rounded on the back; pistillate flowers short-pedicillate, 2-several, whorled at each node; perianth parts 2, erect; style lacking; stigma 1.
Berry maturing the second summer, 3 mm. long, 1-seeded, the seed ultimately explosively expelled and tending to stick to the surface on which it lands.