Balsamorhiza sagittata
arrowleaf balsamroot
Densely grayish hairy involucre.

Distribution: Occurring chiefly east of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains.

Habitat: Shrub-steppe, grasslands, and other open areas from low to middle elevations.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Large perennial herb from a taproot.


All basal, large with broad or cordate bases, densely grayish hairy.


Heads solitary; top of peduncle and lower part of involucre strongly white-woolly; rays 8-25, 2.5-4 cm. long.


Achene glabrous.

Identification Notes:

Look for the typically densely hairy, silvery-gray foliage and involucre bracts; leaves are all basal.

Accepted Name:
Balsamorhiza sagittata (Pursh) Nutt.
Publication: Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 350. 1840.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Balsamorhiza sagittata in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Balsamorhiza sagittata checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Balsamorhiza sagittata atlas page.

CalPhotos: Balsamorhiza sagittata photos.

USDA Plants: Balsamorhiza sagittata information.

113 photographs:
Group by