Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Bromus rubens
fox-tail brome

Distribution: Chiefly east of the Cascades in Washington; central Washington south to California, east to Idaho, Utah and Arizona.

Habitat: Common weed on overgrazed land, waste areas.

Flowers: May-June

Origin: Introduced

Growth Duration: Annual

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Annual, the culms 1.5-4.5 dm. tall, finely pubescent just below the panicle.


Sheaths closed; ligules 1.5-3 mm. long, lacerate; blades flat, 1.5-3 mm. broad, finely pubescent.


Inflorescence a dense, ovoid, purplish panicle 3-8 cm. long, the lower branches strongly ascending, much shorter than the glumes; spikelets subsessile, stiffly erect, 5- to 9-flowered, 17-22 mm. long including the awns; glumes narrowly lanceolate, the first 8 mm. long, 1-nerved, the second 3-nerved, 2-3 mm. longer; lemmas 13-15 mm. long, the two teeth 4-5 mm. long, the awn attached between the teeth 2 cm. long, curved; stamens 2, included.

Accepted Name:
Bromus rubens L.
Publication: Cent. Pl. I 5. 1755.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Anisantha rubens (L.) Nevski
Bromus madritensis L. ssp. rubens (L.) Husn.
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Bromus rubens in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Bromus rubens checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Bromus rubens atlas page.

CalPhotos: Bromus rubens photos.

USDA Plants: Bromus rubens information.

12 photographs:
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