Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Cichorium intybus
chicory, wild succory

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east across much of North America to the Atlantic Coast.

Habitat: Roadsides, fields, ditches, wastelots, and other disturbed, open areas at low to middle elevations.

Flowers: July-October

Origin: Introduced from Europe

Growth Duration: Biennial, Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Perennial from a deep taproot, 3-17 dm. tall, with milky juice.


Lower leaves oblanceolate, petiolate, pinnatifid or toothed, 6-25 cm. long and 1-7 cm. wide, becoming reduced, sessile and entire upward.


Heads nearly sessile, borne 1-3 together in the axils of the small upper leaves, up to 4 cm. wide; flowers blue, all ligulate and perfect; involucre 9-15 mm. high, the bracts in two series, the outer about half as long as the inner; pappus of narrow, minute scales.


Achenes weakly 5-angled, 2-3 mm. long, tipped with a crown of minute scales.

Accepted Name:
Cichorium intybus L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 2: 813. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Cichorium intybus in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database.

WA Flora Checklist: Cichorium intybus checklist entry.

E-Flora BC: Cichorium intybus atlas page.

CalPhotos: Cichorium intybus photos.

USDA Plants: Cichorium intybus information.

42 photographs:
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