Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains, east across southern Canada to the Great Lakes region and eastern North America.
Habitat: Moist to rather dry woods, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Myco-heterotrophic plants, scapose, perennial herbs, the stems 2-4 dm. tall, usually purplish-brown, but occasionally light yellow.
No true, green leaves; scape with several sheathing bracts.
Flowers 10-30 on short pedicles in a raceme; sepals 3, mostly reddish-purple, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, 8-10 mm. long, 3-nerved; 2 small petals shorter than the sepals, pinkish with wine-red spotting; third petal (lip) white, strongly spotted with wine-red, with 2 prominent, lateral lobes below mid-length; main central lobe obovate, wavy-margined, up to 5 mm. broad; stamens and style fused to form a stout column 3.5-4.5 mm. long.
Capsule pendant, ovoid, 1.5-2 cm long.