Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south on both sides of the Cascades to Oregon, east to Newfoundland and eastern United States.
Habitat: Sandy to rocky soil in dry woods and fairly dry meadows.
Growth Duration: Perennial
Conservation Status: Not of concern
Strongly tufted perennial, the culms hollow, glabrous or puberulent, 2-7 dm. tall.
Sheaths open, glabrous to pubescent, with hairs on the collar 1.5-3.5 mm. long; ligule only 0.5 mm. long; blades usually involute, 0.5-2 mm. broad, short and erect to elongate and curled.
Inflorescence a raceme-like panicle 2-5 cm. long, often one-sided, the branches very short and usually with only one spikelet; glumes slender, subequal, 9-12 mm. long; lemmas 4-5 mm. long, sparsely hairy on the back, bifid, the teeth from acute and 0.5 mm. long to acuminate and 2 mm. long; awn attached just below the lobes of the lemma, 8-9 mm. long; callus lightly bearded; paleas broad, shorter than the lemmas.